Florence Nightingale (1820 – 1910). English social reformer, statistician and founder of modern nursing.
Nightingale came to prominence while serving as a manager and trainer of nurses during the Crimean War, in which she organised care for wounded soldiers. She gave nursing a favourable reputation and became an icon of Victorian culture, especially in the persona of "The Lady with the Lamp" making rounds of wounded soldiers at night.
In 1860 she laid the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment of her nursing school at St Thomas' Hospital in London. It was the first secular nursing school in the world, and is now part of King's College London. In recognition of her pioneering work in nursing, the Nightingale Pledge taken by new nurses, and the Florence Nightingale Medal, the highest international distinction a nurse can achieve, were named in her honour, and the annual International Nurses Day is celebrated on her birthday. Her social reforms included improving healthcare for all sections of British society, advocating better hunger relief in India, helping to abolish prostitution laws that were harsh for women, and expanding the acceptable forms of female participation in the workforce.
Nightingale was a prodigious and versatile writer. In her lifetime, much of her published work was concerned with spreading medical knowledge. Some of her tracts were written in simple English so that they could easily be understood by those with poor literary skills. She was also a pioneer in the use of infographics, effectively using graphical presentations of statistical data especially for mobilizing public opinion.
She was the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society.
- "Florence's hair is of unusual beauty, bright chestnut in color, thick, glossy, and wavy. In middle age her hair became dark, but at nineteen it was golden-red."
- "She has reddish brown hair and gray eyes and very sharp and pleasant features."
- " After all, Nightingale was attractive, if not beautiful, with dark reddish hair, gray eyes..." https://www.enotes.com/topics/florence-nightingale