Thursday, 13 December 2018

712) Philip II of Spain

Philip II (1527 – 1598). King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58). He was also Duke of Milan. From 1555 he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands.
The son of Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain Charles V and Isabella of Portugal, Philip was called "Felipe el Prudente" ("Philip the Prudent") in Spain; his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippines. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age.
His first wife was Maria Manuela of Portugal. His second wife was Mary I of England. His fourth wife was Elisabeth of Valois, from whom he had Isabella Clara Eugenia. His fourth wife was his niece Anna of Austria, from whom he had Philip III.

- "... his most striking features were his large blue eyes set in an egg-shell complexion, his reddish hair and his disproportionate upper jaw and lip."…

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