Wednesday, 30 December 2020

1347) Saint Dominic

Saint Dominic, also known as Dominic of Osma and Dominic of Caleruega, often called Dominic de Guzmán and Domingo Félix de Guzmán (1170 – 1221). Castilian Catholic priest and founder of the Dominican Order. Dominic is the patron saint of astronomers.

In 1215, Dominic established himself, with six followers, in a house given by Peter Seila, a rich resident of Toulouse. Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the spiritual needs of the growing cities of the era, one that would combine dedication and systematic education, with more organizational flexibility than either monastic orders or the secular clergy. He subjected himself and his companions to the monastic rules of prayer and penance; and meanwhile Bishop Foulques gave them written authority to preach throughout the territory of Toulouse.
Also in 1215, the year of the Fourth Lateran Council, Dominic and Foulques went to Rome to secure the approval of the Pope, Innocent III. Dominic returned to Rome a year later, and was finally granted written authority in December 1216 and January 1217 by the new pope, Honorius III for him to form the Ordo Praedicatorum ("Order of Preachers").
The spread of the Rosary, a Marian devotion, is attributed to the preaching of Dominic. For centuries the Rosary has been at the heart of the Dominican Order. Pope Pius XI stated, "The Rosary of Mary is the principle and foundation on which the very Order of Saint Dominic rests for making perfect the life of its members and obtaining the salvation of others." For centuries, Dominicans have been instrumental in spreading the Rosary and emphasizing the Catholic belief in The Power of the Rosary.
- "He had reddish hair and beard and beautiful eyes ..."


1346) Pietro Carnesecchi

Pietro Carnesecchi (1508 – 1567). Italian humanist.

Born in Florence, he came into touch with the new learning at the house of his maternal uncle, Cardinal Bernardo Dovizi, in Rome. At the age of twenty-five he held several rich livings, had been notary and protonotary to the Curia and was first secretary to the pope.
By his conduct at the conference with Francis I of France at Marseille he won the favour of Catherine de' Medici and other influential personages at the French court, who in later days befriended him. He made the acquaintance of the Spanish reformer Juan de Valdés at Rome, and got to know him as a theologian at Naples. Under Valdés' influence he wholeheartedly accepted Luther's doctrine of justification by faith, though he repudiated a policy of schism.
When the movement of suppression began, Carnesecchi was implicated. In 1557 he was cited (for the second time) before the tribunal in Rome, but refused to appear. The death of Pope Paul IV and the accession of Pope Pius IV in 1559 made his position easier, and he came to live in Rome. With the accession of Pope Pius V in 1566 the Inquisition renewed its activities with fiercer zeal than ever.
Carnesecchi was in Venice when the news reached him, and betook himself to Florence, where, thinking himself safe, he was betrayed by Duke Cosimo I de' Medici, who wished to curry favour with the pope. From July 1566 he lay in prison over a year. On 21 September 1567 a sentence of degradation and death was passed on him and sixteen others, ambassadors from Florence vainly kneeling to the pope for some mitigation, and on 1 October he was publicly beheaded and then burned.

 Only portraiture for now.



Monday, 28 December 2020

1345) Stefano Amato

Stefano Amato (1957 - 2005). Italian actor.

While in high school, he was noticed by one of his teachers, the wife of film director Salvatore Sampieri. He had two characteristics that made him suitable for the light comedies of that period: red hair and a chubby physique.
At the end of the 70s he retired from acting.
- "... i capelli rossi e la corporatura grassoccia." (Red hair and a chubby physique)


Saturday, 26 December 2020

1344) Virginia Bourbon del Monte

Donna Virginia Bourbon del Monte dei principi di San Faustino (1899 – 1945). Wife of Edoardo Agnelli and the mother of Gianni Agnelli (principal shareholder of FIAT).

She was the daughter of Carlo Bourbon del Monte, Prince di San Faustino (1867–1917), a descendant of an ancient Tuscan-Umbrian family. Her mother was the American Jane Allen Campbell (1865–1938).
Virginia married Edoardo Agnelli, the son of Senator and Fiat co-founder Giovanni Agnelli, on 5 June 1919. She became a widow on 14 July 1935, as Edoardo died in a plane crash in the seadrome of Genoa.
A few months after the death of her husband, Virginia engaged in an intimate relationship with the journalist and writer Curzio Malaparte. Their wedding ceremony—originally scheduled for October 1936—didn't take place due to the stubborn opposition of Virginia's father-in-law, Senator Giovanni Agnelli.
Meanwhile, Virginia had to face a tough confrontation with her father-in-law, who tried to claim parental authority over her seven children by all means after finding out that the two lovers were about to get married.
In deliberating on this issue, the Court of Turin pronounced a verdict against the mother. The dispute went on with several legal actions, until Virginia decided to move to Rome. Since there were better chances for her of being favoured by the judicial authorities of Rome, her father-in-law finally gave his consent to negotiate a compromise agreement by the end of 1937. Its most important aspect was the granting of child custody to Virginia.
She was arrested in Rome on 8 September 1943, since she was the daughter of a U.S. citizen, a country at that time at war against Germany, and confined in a villa on the Caelian Hill, from which she was then able to escape.
Virginia perished in a car accident near Pisa in the late afternoon of 30 November 1945, after the car in which she was traveling was hit head-on by a heavy truck of the U.S. Army. 
- "Era bellissima Virginia, donna anticonformista, dai capelli rossi e sempre senza cappello..." (Virginia was a beautiful, nonconformist woman, with red hair and always without a hat).
- "Era una bella ragazza, alta con le gambe slanciate e lunghissimi capelli ricci e rossi." (She was a beautiful girl, tall, with slender legs and very long hair, curly and red.)
 - "Era una creatura dal magnifico portamento e dai meravigliosi capelli ricci e rossi." (She was a creature with a magnificent bearing and wonderful red and curly hair).


1343) Queen Tiye

Tiye (c. 1398 BC – 1338 BC, also spelled Tye, Taia, Tiy and Tiyi). Daughter of Yuya and Tjuyu. She became the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III. She was the mother of Akhenaten and grandmother of Tutankhamun. In 2010, DNA analysis confirmed her as the mummy known as "The Elder Lady" found in the tomb of Amenhotep II (KV35) in 1898.

- "Boasting long reddish hair falling across her shoulders, the mummy was identified in February 2010 by DNA testing as Queen Tiye..."
- "... Tutankhamun took a lock of her auburn hair to his grave."
- "... and a lock of her auburn hair, enclosed in a small coffin, was found in Tutankhamun's tomb."


Friday, 25 December 2020

1342) Enzo Cerusico

Enzo Cerusico (1937 – 1991). Italian film actor. He appeared in 55 films between 1951 and 1984.
Cerusico's first role on American television was in a 1966 episode of I Spy filmed in Rome. Producer Sheldon Leonard held a casting call for an English-speaking actor to play the kid brother of the female Italian guest star. Cerusico spoke no English but with a friend's help he memorized one line — "I studied English in the school since four years" — and managed to bluff his way into an interview with Leonard.
Leonard realized Cerusico wasn't fluent in English but he thought the young man possessed "Jean Paul Belmondo's jaunty virility and the swaggering charm of Maurice Chevalier." Leonard chose Cerusico for the I Spy guest role and Cerusico learned his lines phonetically and delivered them by rote.
Cerusico later played the title character in My Friend Tony, an hour-long crime drama that aired on NBC in 1969.
- "Rosso di capelli, privo di complessi, ottimista, per niente canterino..." (Red-haired, complex-free, optimistic, no singing at all).



1341) Joe Sentieri

Joe Sentieri (byname of Rino Luigi Sentieri; 1925 - 2007). Italian singer and actor.

His first success was the winning of the competition "Canzonissima" in 1959 with his version of the number one hit "Piove (Ciao, ciao bambina)" by Domenico Modugno. In the same year he reached number two and number five in the Italian charts with "Ritroviamoci" and "Milioni di scintille". In 1960 he won the third place with "Quando vien la sera" at the Sanremo Festival. This song was number two in the Italian charts. Another top ten success was "È mezzanotte", which reached number eight.
Perhaps his internationally best known song is "Uno dei tanti". The song written by Carlo Donida and Giulio Rapetti was released in 1961. In 1963 Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller translated the text into English and released this song under the title "I (Who Have Nothing)". It became one of their greatest hits and was covered more than thirty times, e.g. by Tom Jones, Gladys Knight, Manfred Mann's Earth Band, Ben E. King, Sylvester James, Luther Vandross and Shirley Bassey.
- "... in America lo chiamano, per il colore dei suoi capelli, “l’angelo rosso”..." (in America he is called "the red-haired angel", because of the colour of his hair).
- "... la vecchiaia aveva risparmiato la sua vivacità, l'estroversione contagiosa, perfino il viso roseo e giovane sotto i capelli ieri rossicci ma ormai bianchissimi." (old age had spared his vivacity, his infectious extroversion, even his rosy and young face under his hair, yesterday red, but now white).