Wednesday, 18 August 2021

1418) Janusz Korczak

Janusz Korczak, pen name of Henryk Goldszmit ( 1878 or 1879 – 1942). Polish Jewish educator, children's author and pedagogue known as Pan Doktor ("Mr. Doctor") or Stary Doktor ("Old Doctor").

In 1907–08, Korczak went to study in Berlin. While working for the Orphans' Society in 1909, he met Stefania Wilczyńska, his future closest associate. In 1911–1912, he became a director of Dom Sierot in Warsaw, an orphanage of his own design for Jewish children.
Korczak's best known writing is his fiction and pedagogy, and his most popular works have been widely translated. His main pedagogical texts have been translated into English, but of his fiction, as of 2012, only two of his novels have been translated into English: King Matt the First and Kaytek the Wizard.
Korczak's overall literary oeuvre covers the period 1896 to 8 August 1942. It comprises works for both children and adults, and includes literary pieces, social journalism, articles and pedagogical essays, together with some scraps of unpublished work, totalling over twenty books, over 1,400 texts published in around 100 publications, and around 300 texts in manuscript or typescript form.
- "Two years later, in the fall of 1898, Henryk - by then an intense young medical student of twenty with vivid blue-green eyes and reddish hair already thinning..."
- "They eagerly awaited the kind, red-haired young man who always had a smile or a piece of candy for them."


Tuesday, 17 August 2021

1417) Betty Skelton

Betty Skelton Frankman Erde (1926 – 2011). American land speed record holder and aerobatics pilot who set 17 aviation and automobile records. She was known as "The First Lady of Firsts".

In 1949, she set the world light-plane altitude record of 25,763 feet (7,853 m) in a Piper Cub. Two years later, she broke her own altitude record with a flight of 29,050 feet (8,850 m), also in a Piper Cub. She held the world speed record for piston-engined aircraft: 421.6 mph (678.5 km/h) over a 3-km course in a P-51 Mustang racing plane.
She was granted an Automobile Association of America auto race driver's license, as the first woman with that distinction. She became the first female test driver in the auto industry in 1954 with Chrysler's Dodge division.
In 1956, she became an advertising executive with Campbell-Ewald and worked with General Motors on and in their TV and print ads. She was GM's first woman technical narrator at major auto shows, where she would talk about and demonstrate automobile features, later becoming official spokeswoman for Chevrolet. While Skelton was working with Chevrolet, she set numerous records with Corvettes, and owned a total of 10 models.
In 1959, Skelton was the first woman to undergo NASA's physical and psychological tests, identical to those given to the Mercury Seven astronauts. 
- "Skelton drove a Corvette convertible with a color that nearly matched her red hair.
- "Ms. Skelton, who never grew beyond 5-foot-3 and about 100 pounds, acquired her passion for speed as an 8-year-old redhead perched on her porch in Pensacola..."
- "With red hair and brown eyes, she stood only five feet, three inches tall..."
- "Crowds adored the red-haired beauty [...] the better to see her curly red hair and flawless makeup."


1416) William Langhorne Bond

William Langhorne Bond (1893- 1985). American aviator and aviation executive.

After completing high school in 1911 he joined a heavy construction company. When the United States entered World War I, he volunteered for the Army, joining a Virginia National Guard unit. He completed officer training while serving in Europe and demobilized with the rank of lieutenant in 1919. He resumed working in the civil construction industry until contacted by George Conrad Westervelt of Curtis Aviation, (soon to become Curtiss-Wright Corporation) in 1929 to manage construction of a new aircraft factory in Baltimore.
From 1931 until 1948 he was operations manager and vice-president of China National Aviation Corporation.
- "Close-­cropped strands of reddish hair showed beneath his hatband.
- "He was a red-haired, ruddy-faced, thickset boy who smiled with pursed lips..."


Monday, 16 August 2021

1415) Emily Howell Warner

Emily Howell Warner (1939 – 2020). American airline pilot and the first woman captain of a scheduled US airline.
In 1973, Warner was the first woman pilot to be hired by a scheduled US airline, since Helen Richey was hired as a co-pilot in 1934. In 1976 Warner was the first woman to become a US airline captain.
In addition to piloting, Warner was a flight school manager in Denver, Colorado. She was a flight instructor and FAA designated flight examiner holding multiple ratings.
- "And, if you couldn't tell by her red hair, fair skin and blue eyes, her name told you she was very Irish".


1414) Enola Gay Tibbets

Enola Gay Tibbets (née Haggard, 1890 - 1966). Born in Iowa, she was the daughter of Alfred Allen Haggard and Mary Lavina Wareham. In 1912, Haggard married Paul Warfield Tibbets and they had two children: Paul Warfield Jr. and Barbara Ann.

Paul Warfield Tibbets Jr. became a brigadier general in the United States Air Force. He is best known as the pilot who flew the B-29 Superfortress known as the Enola Gay when it dropped Little Boy, the first of two atomic bombs used in warfare, on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
- "Tibbets' thoughts, he confided in his autobiography, had turned to his "courageous red-haired mother..."
- "... an endeavor through which he had also met Enola Gay, a “redheaded Iowa farm girl.”

Paul Warfield Tibbets Jr. and the Enola Gay


1413) Charles K. Hamilton

Charles Keeney Hamilton (1885 – 1914). American pioneer aviator nicknamed the "crazy man of the air".He was, in the words of the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, "known for his dangerous dives, spectacular crashes, extensive reconstructive surgeries, and ever present cigarette" and was "frequently drunk". He survived more than 60 crashes.

Hamilton became the first to fly in the state of Washington, when he piloted the Reims Racer over Seattle on March 11. On June 13, 1910, he won a prize of $10,000, sponsored by The New York Times and the Philadelphia Public Ledger, for being the first to fly from New York City to Philadelphia and back, the first flight between two major US cities.
He received a hero's welcome in his hometown of New Britain and, on July 2, 1910, made "the first public flight in the State" there. It was also the first in New England.
In Nashville, he made the first night flight in America, remaining aloft 25 minutes before developing engine trouble.
- "... Glenn Curtiss revealed to the press that his other flyer was a thin, red-haired daredevil named Charles K. Hamilton..."
- "... Charles K. Hamilton, who was 'no matinee idol': he was 'small and freckled and red-headed'..."
- "... was small in stature, had blazing red hair and big ears."


1412) Theodore G. Ellyson

Theodore Gordon Ellyson (1885 – 1928), nicknamed "Spuds". First United States Navy officer designated as an aviator ("Naval Aviator No. 1"). Ellyson served in the experimental development of aviation in the years before and after World War I. He also spent several years before the war as part of the Navy's new submarine service. A recipient of the Navy Cross for his antisubmarine service in World War I, Ellyson died in 1928 when his aircraft crashed over the Chesapeake Bay.

- "Spuds Ellyson, a red-haired, freckle-faced 25-year-old Virginian..."
- "Ellyson, a big red-haired man who loved chocolate candy and potatoes, was called "Spuds"."
- "Spuds Ellyson was a happy, freckle-faced, red-headed boy..."


Sunday, 15 August 2021

1411) Leroy Grumman

Leroy Randle "Roy" Grumman (1895 – 1982). American aeronautical engineer, test pilot, and industrialist. In 1929, he co-founded Grumman Aircraft Engineering Co., later renamed Grumman Aerospace Corporation, and now part of Northrop Grumman.

- "From an early age, "Red Mike" (a nickname he gained because of his red-blond hair)..."
- "... sharp, bright blue eyes, sandy red hair..."
- "Leroy Grumman, whose red hair earned him the nickname Red Mike..."


1410) Henry E. Erwin

Henry Eugene Erwin Sr. (1921 – 2002) United States Army Air Forces airman and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II. He earned the award as a staff sergeant and radio operator aboard a B-29 Superfortress in the Asia-Pacific theater. During a 1945 bombing mission over Koriyama, Japan, a white phosphorus bomb prematurely ignited in his aircraft and seriously wounded him. As smoke filled the plane, he picked up the burning device and carried it through the aircraft to the cockpit where he tossed it out a window. Although he suffered severe burns, he successfully saved his plane and all crew members aboard by disposing of the incendiary/smoke-generating bomb.

- "Erwin and his crew — who called him "Red" due to his auburn hair color — flew B-29 Superfortress strikes against Japan."
- "He had red hair, brown eyes and a “ruddy” complexion..."


1409) Allan Lockheed

Allan Haines Lockheed (né Allan Haines Loughead; 1889 – 1969). American aviation engineer and business man. He formed the Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company along with his brother, Malcolm Loughead, that became Lockheed Corporation.
Loughead legally changed his name to Allan Lockheed, the phonetic spelling of his family name to avoid spelling confusion, in 1934. After World War II, he continued his career as a real estate salesman while occasionally serving as an aviation consultant. 
- "His red hair showed his Scotch-Irish blood."
- "Red-haired Allan was the son of John and Flora Haines Loughead..."

Malcolm on the left and Allan on the right



Saturday, 14 August 2021

1408) Patrick Watkins

Patrick Watkins. Irish sailor who was marooned on Floreana, an island of the Galápagos Islands, from 1807 to 1809. He was the first resident of the Galapagos. According to later accounts, Watkins managed to survive by hunting, growing vegetables, and trading with visiting whalers, before finally stealing an open boat and navigating to Guayaquil, Ecuador.

Spanish novelist Alberto Vázquez-Figueroa based his 1982 novel Iguana on the case of Watkins. Later, the novel was cinematized by American director Monte Hellman in 1988.
- "... his red hair and beard matted, his skin much burnt, from constant exposure to the sun, and so wild and savage in his manner and appearance, that he struck every one with horror.”

Thursday, 12 August 2021

1407) Abigail Adams Smith

Abigail Adams Smith or Nabby Adams (1765-1813). Eldest daughter of 2nd U.S. president John Adams and Former first lady Abigail Adams, as well as sister of John Quincy Adams the 6th U.S. president.

On June 12, 1786, Abigail married Colonel William Stephens Smith. They had four children: William Steuben Smith, John Adams Smith, Thomas Smith, and Caroline Amelia Smith.
- "Nabby was a striking woman, with long, red hair, a round face, deep-blue eyes, and a creamy, porcelain complexion."
- "She had long red hair, deep blue eyes, and an aggressive personality."


1406) Mamie Eisenhower

Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower (1896 – 1979). Wife of United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and First Lady of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

She met Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1915. At that time, he was a young second lieutenant. On Valentine's Day in 1916 he gave her a ring as token of their engagement. On July 1, 1916, they married.
Their first son, Doud Dwight, was born in 1917. He died in 1921 of scarlet fever. A second son, John Eisenhower was born in 1922. He became an author, and also served as a U.S. ambassador to Belgium.
- "She was 5'1" tall with auburn hair."
- "She had reddish-brown hair and blue eyes."


Wednesday, 11 August 2021

1405) Ida McKinley

Ida McKinley (née Saxton; 1847 – 1907). First Lady of the United States from 1897 until 1901, as wife of president William McKinley.
Possessed of a fragile, nervous temperament, Mrs. McKinley broke down under the loss of her mother and two young daughters within a short span of time. She developed epilepsy and became totally dependent on her husband. Her seizures at times occurred in public; she had one at McKinley's inaugural ball as Governor of Ohio. Although she battled her illness for the rest of her life, she kept busy with her hobby, crocheting slippers, making gifts of literally thousands of pairs to friends, acquaintances and charities, which would auction pairs for large sums.
She often took barbiturates, laudanum, and other sedatives for her condition.

- "... a slender bride with sky-blue eyes and fair skin and masses of auburn hair..."

- "When Major William McKinley, who had come to Canton to set up a law practice, met the vivacious, auburn-haired Ida..."

- "Fairly tall, with auburn hair (which, before her illness, was very long)..."



Monday, 9 August 2021

1404) Jesse K. Dubois

Jesse Kilgore Dubois (sometimes styled DuBois, 1811 – 1876). American politician from Illinois. The son of a prominent early Illinois citizen, Dubois was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives while he was attending Indiana College. Nicknamed Uncle Jesse, he served four two-year terms there. An early Republican, Dubois was named the party's first candidate for Auditor of Public Accounts. He was elected in 1856 and served two four-year terms. He was the father of Senator Fred Dubois.

- "... a slim, handsome young man, with auburn hair, sky-blue eyes..."


1403) George E. Pickett

George Edward Pickett (1825 – 1875). United States Army officer who became a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for being one of the commanders at Pickett's Charge, the futile and bloody Confederate offensive on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg that bears his name.

Following the war, Pickett feared prosecution for his execution of deserters and temporarily fled to Canada. An old Army friend, Ulysses S. Grant, interceded on his behalf, and he returned to Virginia in 1866. He could not rejoin the Army, so he tried his hand at farming, then selling insurance. He died at age 50 in July 1875 from an "abscess of the liver".
Pickett made a colorful general. He rode a sleek black charger named "Old Black," and wore a small blue kepi-style cap, with buffed gloves over the sleeves of an immaculately tailored uniform that had a double row of gold buttons on the coat, and shiny gold spurs on his highly polished boots. He held an elegant riding crop whether mounted or walking. His moustache drooped gracefully beyond the corners of his mouth and then turned upward at the ends. His hair was the talk of the Army: "long ringlets flowed loosely over his shoulders, trimmed and highly perfumed, his beard likewise was curling and giving up the scent of Araby."
- "... his long, dark auburn hair floating backward in the wind..."
- "... his jaunty cap raked well over his right ear, and his long auburn locks nicely dressed, hanging almost to his shoulders."
- "He wore his hair so long that his auburn locks almost touched his shoulders..."
- "Looking this way, with his auburn hair cascading in corkscrew ringlets..."


1402 Allan J. Pinkerton

Allan J. Pinkerton (1819 – 1884). Scottish–born American detective and spy, best known for creating the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.

Born in Gorbals, Glasgow, he left school at the age of 10, after his father's death, and was largely self-educated. He secretly married Joan Carfrae (1822–1887) then a singer, on 13 March 1842 and they emigrated to the United States in the same year.

Pinkerton first became interested in criminal detective work while wandering through the wooded groves around Dundee, looking for trees to make barrel staves (he worked as a cooper), when he came across a band of counterfeiters. After observing their movements for some time he informed the local sheriff, who arrested them. This later led to Pinkerton being appointed, in 1849, as the first police detective in Chicago. In 1850, he partnered with Chicago attorney Edward Rucker in forming the North-Western Police Agency, which later became Pinkerton & Co, and finally Pinkerton National Detective Agency, still in existence today as Pinkerton Consulting and Investigations, a subsidiary of Securitas AB. Pinkerton's business insignia was a wide open eye with the caption "We never sleep." As the US expanded in territory, rail transport increased. Pinkerton's agency solved a series of train robberies during the 1850s, first bringing Pinkerton into contact with George McClellan, then Chief Engineer and Vice President of the Illinois Central Railroad, and Abraham Lincoln, the company's lawyer.

When the Civil War began, Pinkerton served as head of the Union Intelligence Service during the first two years, and served on several undercover missions as a Confederate soldier using the alias Major E.J. Allen. He was succeeded as Intelligence Service chief by Lafayette Baker; the Intelligence Service was the predecessor of the U.S. Secret Service. His work led to the establishment of the Federal secret service.
Pinkerton produced numerous popular detective books, ostensibly based on his own exploits and those of his agents. Some were published after his death, and they are considered to have been more motivated by a desire to promote his detective agency than a literary endeavour. Most historians believe that Allan Pinkerton hired ghostwriters, but the books nonetheless bear his name and no doubt reflect his views.
- "As a young boy, Pinkerton was a fiery redhead..."
- "... with penetrating blue eyes beneath a coarse thatch of reddish hair."


Thursday, 5 August 2021

1401) Eoghan Rua Ó Súilleabháin

Eoghan Rua Ó Súilleabháin (1748 – 1784), anglicized as Owen Roe O'Sullivan ("Red Owen"). Irish poet. Ó Súilleabháin is known as one of the last great Gaelic poets. A recent anthology of Irish-language poetry speaks of his "extremely musical" poems full of "astonishing technical virtuosity" and also notes that "Eoghan Rua is still spoken of and quoted in Irish-speaking districts in Munster as one of the great wits and playboys of the past."

None of Ó Súilleabháin's poems were printed in his lifetime. He wrote his poems and they spread through song. He was most famous for his Aisling poems, set to popular music, about beautiful women, symbolizing Ireland in degradation at a time when the country's fortunes were at its nadir. 
- "The Rua refers to his red hair."
- "A footloose man with a distinctive mop of red hair and exuberant spirit..."
- "He was a brilliant, red-haired, hard-living brawler, called "Owen of the Sweet Mouth"..."


1400) Delia Jarvis Tudor

Delia Jarvis Tudor (1753 - 1843). Born in Boston, she was the daughter of Elias and Deliverance Atkins Jarvis.

In 1778 she married William Tudor, a wealthy lawyer and leading citizen of Boston. They had six children. Their eldest son William Tudor (1779-1830) became a leading literary figure in Boston. 
Another son, Frederic Tudor, founded the Tudor Ice Company and became Boston's "Ice King", shipping ice to the tropics from many local sources of fresh water including Walden Pond, Fresh Pond, and Spy Pond in Arlington, Massachusetts.
Their daughter Delia (1787–1861) married admiral Charles Stewart. They were the grandparents of Charles Stewart Parnell, a prominent Irish political leader who fought for Irish home rule until his death in 1891. 
- “Her hair was dark auburn, her eyes deep blue, her face lovely and beaming with kind feeling for everyone,”


Wednesday, 4 August 2021

1399) Walter "Spec" O'Donnell

Walter "Spec" O'Donnell (1911 – 1986). American film actor. He appeared in 191 films between 1923 and 1978. He worked frequently for producer Hal Roach, often appearing in silent comedies as the bratty son of Max Davidson or Charley Chase. His sound-era roles were mostly uncredited bits, often as bellhops, newsboys, and pages; he was playing adolescent roles well into his twenties. He has the unusual distinction of playing the same role (a newsboy) in both an original film and its remake: Princess O'Hara and It Ain't Hay
- "... he was one of those fellows born with red hair and more 'speckles' (hence his nickname) than a Georges Seurat painting."
- "Red-haired, freckled juvenile actor of the 1920s and '30s."




Tuesday, 3 August 2021

1398) Camilo Cienfuegos

Camilo Cienfuegos Gorriarán (1932 – 1959). Cuban revolutionary. Along with Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, Juan Almeida Bosque, and Raúl Castro, he was a member of the 1956 Granma expedition, which launched Fidel Castro's armed insurgency against the government of Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. He became one of Castro's top guerilla commanders, known as the "Hero of Yaguajay" after winning a key battle of the Cuban Revolution.

He was appointed head of Cuba's armed forces shortly after the victory of Castro's rebel army in 1959.
He was presumed dead when a small plane he was traveling in disappeared during a night flight from Camagüey to Havana later that year. Many have speculated and conspiracies have arisen concerning his mysterious disappearance. Cienfuegos, whose name translates in English to "a hundred fires," is revered in Cuba as a hero of the Revolution, with monuments, memorials, and an annual celebration in his honor.
- "He was a handsome, popular, and athletic young man with red hair and a quick laugh."
- "He was handsome and possessed red hair."




1397) Manuel Piñeiro

Manuel Piñeiro Losada (1933 – 1998). Cuban political and military figure, a leading character of the Cuban Revolution, as the first head of Fidel Castro's security apparatus (known as Dirección General de Inteligencia, DGI).

Piñeiro was the Cuban DGI chief from 1961–1964. He then became Deputy Minister of the Interior in charge of the state security apparatus from 1964–1968. A Soviet reorganization of the DGI forced Piñeiro out of his position and he was then placed in charge of the DGI's Latin American affairs division.

- "... known as Barba Roja (Spanish: "red beard")."
- "A couple of months later, Lorna spotted this red-haired guy near Juilliard. He was Cuban, and his name was Manuel."
- "Brown-eyed and sporting red hair, thick red eyebrows, freckles and a red beard, he received the nickname “Barbaroja” (Redbeard)."


1396) Vilma Espín

Vilma Lucila Espín Guillois (1930 – 2007). Cuban revolutionary, feminist, and chemical engineer. She helped supply and organize the 26th of July Movement as an underground spy, and took an active role in many branches of the Cuban government from the conclusion of the revolution to her death. As an adamant feminist, Espín helped found the Federation of Cuban Women and promoted equal rights for Cuban women in all spheres of life.

Espín was married to Raúl Castro, the former First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, who is the brother to former First Secretary Fidel Castro. Their wedding took place in 1959, only weeks after the 26th of July Movement had successfully overthrown dictator Fulgencio Batista. They had four children.
Espín took on the role of Cuba's First Lady for 45 years, initially taking on the role as the sister-in-law to Fidel Castro, who was divorced at the time he came to power. She officially became the First Lady in 2006 when her husband, Raúl Castro, became president.
- "A tall woman with bright auburn hair, she had done post-graduate work in the US and spoke fluent English."
- "A tall woman with spectacles, her auburn hair twisted into a bun, Espin was a highly recognized figure across the island."

Espìn and Raùl Castro on the day of their wedding


1395) Claude Pepper

Claude Denson Pepper (1900 – 1989). American politician of the Democratic Party, and a spokesman for left-liberalism and the elderly. He represented Florida in the United States Senate from 1936 to 1951 and the Miami area in the United States House of Representatives from 1963 until 1989.

Born in Chambers County, Alabama, Pepper established a legal practice in Perry, Florida after graduating from Harvard Law School. After serving a single term in the Florida House of Representatives, Pepper won a 1936 special election to succeed Senator Duncan U. Fletcher. Pepper became one of the most prominent liberals in Congress, supporting legislation such as the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
In 1962, Pepper won election to a newly-created district in the United States House of Representatives. He emerged as a staunch anti-Communist and strongly criticized Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Pepper served as Chairman of the House Committee on Aging and pursued reforms to Social Security and Medicare. From 1983 to 1989, he served as Chairman of the powerful House Rules Committee.
- "Detractors called him Red Pepper not for his red hair, but for his liberal views..."
- "Dubbed "Red Pepper" by some because of his red hair and fiery oratory, and by others for his liberalism..."
- "Claude Pepper of Florida was a towering figure topped with bright red hair."





1394) Franklin Pierce

Franklin Pierce (1804 – 1869). 14th president of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. A northern Democrat who believed that the abolitionist movement was a fundamental threat to the unity of the nation, he alienated anti-slavery groups by supporting and signing the Kansas–Nebraska Act and enforcing the Fugitive Slave Act, yet these efforts failed to stem conflict between North and South. The South eventually seceded and the American Civil War began in 1861.

He is a distant relative of Barbara Bush's father, Marvin Pierce.
- "... with a shock of unruly, curly dark auburn hair flowing over his forehead."
- "For another, with dark auburn hair, blue eyes, a square jaw and a slender, muscular physique, Franklin Pierce was a strikingly handsome man."


Monday, 2 August 2021

1393) Sophia Peabody Hawthorne

Sophia Amelia Peabody Hawthorne (1809 – 1871). American painter and illustrator as well as the wife of author Nathaniel Hawthorne. She also published her journals and various articles.

Sophia first met Nathaniel Hawthorne through her sister, Elizabeth, and they became secretly engaged by New Year's Day, 1839. They were married in 1842 and had three children: Una, Julian and Rose.
Nathaniel Hawthorne died in May 1864 and she moved to England four years later with her three children. She died in 1871 and was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery in London and when her daughter Una died in 1877, she was buried alongside her mother.
When the grave sites were in need of costly repair, it was suggested the remains be moved to the Hawthorne family plot in Concord, Massachusetts. In June 2006 Sophia and Una were re-buried alongside Nathaniel in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. 
- "Sophia's friend Cornelia Park braided the bride's auburn hair..."


1392) Una Hawthorne

Una Hawthorne (1844 - 1877). Eldest child of Nathaniel Hawthorne and Sophia Peabody. They named her after a character in Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene.

In 1867 she became engaged to Storrow Higginson, a nephew to Thomas Wentworth Higginson, but the marriage was called off for reasons which remain unclear. When her younger sister Rose Hawthorne married, in 1871, she reportedly became depressed. A later potential husband, Albert Webster, died at sea. She lived with her brother Julian Hawthorne in England, where she died in 1877.
Scholars speculate that Una inspired the character of Pearl in The Scarlet Letter, published seven years after her birth (she was never allowed to read the novel).
- "In your reply, on no account say a word about the red hair."
- "... Thomas Wentworth Higginson, who described "her superb Titianesque coloring. . .the abundant hair of reddish auburn and the large gray eyes".
- "Una, with the sunny hair, was eight years of age, the eldest of three children... Baby Rose, appropriately nicknamed Rosebud, was a jolly, pink-cheeked, blue-eyed toddler, with the same red-gold hair that her sister possessed."

Una and her brother Jullian


Sunday, 1 August 2021

1391) Rose Hawthorne Lathrop (Mother Mary Alphonsa)

Rose Hawthorne Lathrop (1851 – 1926). American writer and religious leader. As Mother Mary Alphonsa, she was a Roman Catholic religious sister, social worker, and foundress of the Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne.

She was the youngest child of Nathaniel Hawthorne and his wife Sophia Peabody.
Rose married author George Parsons Lathrop in 1871 and in 1876 they had a son, Francis, who died of diphtheria at the age of five. Following Francis' death, George had become an alcoholic and was increasingly unstable, so that the Lathrops separated permanently in 1896. George died of cirrhosis three years later.
In the summer of 1896, Rose trained as a nurse at the then–New York Cancer Hospital, the first institution in the United States to provide training in treating cancer at a time when general hospitals in the city did not admit patients with cancer.
On December 8, 1900, Rose founded a new religious order, the Servants of Relief for Incurable Cancer (now known as the Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne); she became its first Mother Superior, with the name Mother Mary Alphonsa.
In 2003, Cardinal Edward Egan, Archbishop of the Archdiocese of New York, approved the movement for Mother Mary Alphonsa's canonization. She now has the title "Servant of God" in the Catholic Church.
Her eldest sister was Una Hawthorne
- "In plain English, we have another little red-headed daughter."
- "Reminders of Lathrop are omnipresent, with a portrait adorning a wall and a room dedicated to memorializing everything from locks of her red hair to correspondence with friends."
- "By the cast window sat a lovely creature with a matchless crown of red-gold hair."
- "Mrs Lathrop, beautiful and youthful-looking, with a mass of rich auburn hair..."
- "Baby Rose, appropriately nicknamed Rosebud, was a jolly, pink-cheeked, blue-eyed toddler, with the same red-gold hair that her sister possessed."