Wednesday, 18 August 2021

1418) Janusz Korczak

Janusz Korczak, pen name of Henryk Goldszmit ( 1878 or 1879 – 1942). Polish Jewish educator, children's author and pedagogue known as Pan Doktor ("Mr. Doctor") or Stary Doktor ("Old Doctor").

In 1907–08, Korczak went to study in Berlin. While working for the Orphans' Society in 1909, he met Stefania Wilczyńska, his future closest associate. In 1911–1912, he became a director of Dom Sierot in Warsaw, an orphanage of his own design for Jewish children.
Korczak's best known writing is his fiction and pedagogy, and his most popular works have been widely translated. His main pedagogical texts have been translated into English, but of his fiction, as of 2012, only two of his novels have been translated into English: King Matt the First and Kaytek the Wizard.
Korczak's overall literary oeuvre covers the period 1896 to 8 August 1942. It comprises works for both children and adults, and includes literary pieces, social journalism, articles and pedagogical essays, together with some scraps of unpublished work, totalling over twenty books, over 1,400 texts published in around 100 publications, and around 300 texts in manuscript or typescript form.
- "Two years later, in the fall of 1898, Henryk - by then an intense young medical student of twenty with vivid blue-green eyes and reddish hair already thinning..."
- "They eagerly awaited the kind, red-haired young man who always had a smile or a piece of candy for them."


Tuesday, 17 August 2021

1417) Betty Skelton

Betty Skelton Frankman Erde (1926 – 2011). American land speed record holder and aerobatics pilot who set 17 aviation and automobile records. She was known as "The First Lady of Firsts".

In 1949, she set the world light-plane altitude record of 25,763 feet (7,853 m) in a Piper Cub. Two years later, she broke her own altitude record with a flight of 29,050 feet (8,850 m), also in a Piper Cub. She held the world speed record for piston-engined aircraft: 421.6 mph (678.5 km/h) over a 3-km course in a P-51 Mustang racing plane.
She was granted an Automobile Association of America auto race driver's license, as the first woman with that distinction. She became the first female test driver in the auto industry in 1954 with Chrysler's Dodge division.
In 1956, she became an advertising executive with Campbell-Ewald and worked with General Motors on and in their TV and print ads. She was GM's first woman technical narrator at major auto shows, where she would talk about and demonstrate automobile features, later becoming official spokeswoman for Chevrolet. While Skelton was working with Chevrolet, she set numerous records with Corvettes, and owned a total of 10 models.
In 1959, Skelton was the first woman to undergo NASA's physical and psychological tests, identical to those given to the Mercury Seven astronauts. 
- "Skelton drove a Corvette convertible with a color that nearly matched her red hair.
- "Ms. Skelton, who never grew beyond 5-foot-3 and about 100 pounds, acquired her passion for speed as an 8-year-old redhead perched on her porch in Pensacola..."
- "With red hair and brown eyes, she stood only five feet, three inches tall..."
- "Crowds adored the red-haired beauty [...] the better to see her curly red hair and flawless makeup."


1416) William Langhorne Bond

William Langhorne Bond (1893- 1985). American aviator and aviation executive.

After completing high school in 1911 he joined a heavy construction company. When the United States entered World War I, he volunteered for the Army, joining a Virginia National Guard unit. He completed officer training while serving in Europe and demobilized with the rank of lieutenant in 1919. He resumed working in the civil construction industry until contacted by George Conrad Westervelt of Curtis Aviation, (soon to become Curtiss-Wright Corporation) in 1929 to manage construction of a new aircraft factory in Baltimore.
From 1931 until 1948 he was operations manager and vice-president of China National Aviation Corporation.
- "Close-­cropped strands of reddish hair showed beneath his hatband.
- "He was a red-haired, ruddy-faced, thickset boy who smiled with pursed lips..."


Monday, 16 August 2021

1415) Emily Howell Warner

Emily Howell Warner (1939 – 2020). American airline pilot and the first woman captain of a scheduled US airline.
In 1973, Warner was the first woman pilot to be hired by a scheduled US airline, since Helen Richey was hired as a co-pilot in 1934. In 1976 Warner was the first woman to become a US airline captain.
In addition to piloting, Warner was a flight school manager in Denver, Colorado. She was a flight instructor and FAA designated flight examiner holding multiple ratings.
- "And, if you couldn't tell by her red hair, fair skin and blue eyes, her name told you she was very Irish".


1414) Enola Gay Tibbets

Enola Gay Tibbets (née Haggard, 1890 - 1966). Born in Iowa, she was the daughter of Alfred Allen Haggard and Mary Lavina Wareham. In 1912, Haggard married Paul Warfield Tibbets and they had two children: Paul Warfield Jr. and Barbara Ann.

Paul Warfield Tibbets Jr. became a brigadier general in the United States Air Force. He is best known as the pilot who flew the B-29 Superfortress known as the Enola Gay when it dropped Little Boy, the first of two atomic bombs used in warfare, on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
- "Tibbets' thoughts, he confided in his autobiography, had turned to his "courageous red-haired mother..."
- "... an endeavor through which he had also met Enola Gay, a “redheaded Iowa farm girl.”

Paul Warfield Tibbets Jr. and the Enola Gay


1413) Charles K. Hamilton

Charles Keeney Hamilton (1885 – 1914). American pioneer aviator nicknamed the "crazy man of the air".He was, in the words of the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, "known for his dangerous dives, spectacular crashes, extensive reconstructive surgeries, and ever present cigarette" and was "frequently drunk". He survived more than 60 crashes.

Hamilton became the first to fly in the state of Washington, when he piloted the Reims Racer over Seattle on March 11. On June 13, 1910, he won a prize of $10,000, sponsored by The New York Times and the Philadelphia Public Ledger, for being the first to fly from New York City to Philadelphia and back, the first flight between two major US cities.
He received a hero's welcome in his hometown of New Britain and, on July 2, 1910, made "the first public flight in the State" there. It was also the first in New England.
In Nashville, he made the first night flight in America, remaining aloft 25 minutes before developing engine trouble.
- "... Glenn Curtiss revealed to the press that his other flyer was a thin, red-haired daredevil named Charles K. Hamilton..."
- "... Charles K. Hamilton, who was 'no matinee idol': he was 'small and freckled and red-headed'..."
- "... was small in stature, had blazing red hair and big ears."


1412) Theodore G. Ellyson

Theodore Gordon Ellyson (1885 – 1928), nicknamed "Spuds". First United States Navy officer designated as an aviator ("Naval Aviator No. 1"). Ellyson served in the experimental development of aviation in the years before and after World War I. He also spent several years before the war as part of the Navy's new submarine service. A recipient of the Navy Cross for his antisubmarine service in World War I, Ellyson died in 1928 when his aircraft crashed over the Chesapeake Bay.

- "Spuds Ellyson, a red-haired, freckle-faced 25-year-old Virginian..."
- "Ellyson, a big red-haired man who loved chocolate candy and potatoes, was called "Spuds"."
- "Spuds Ellyson was a happy, freckle-faced, red-headed boy..."