Wednesday, 17 August 2022

1481) Sidonie of Saxony

Sidonie of Saxony (also: Sidonia; 1518 – 1575). Princess of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Princess of Calenberg-Göttingen.

Sidonie was the daughter of the Duke Henry IV of Saxony (1473–1541) from his marriage to Catherine (1487–1561), daughter of the Duke Magnus II of Mecklenburg. Her brothers were Elector Maurice of Saxony and Augustus; her sister Sibylle was from 1540 by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg; her sister Aemilia was from 1533 by marriage Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
She married in 1545 Duke Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1528–1584), who was ten years her junior. 

Form left to right: Sidonie, Aemilia and Sibylle, by Lucas Cranach the Elder


Tuesday, 16 August 2022

1480) Barbara Zápolya

Barbara Zápolya (1495–1515). Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania as the first wife of King Sigismund I the Old from 1512 to 1515. Marriage to Barbara represented an alliance between Sigismund and the House of Zápolya against the Habsburgs in succession disputes over the throne to the Kingdom of Hungary. The alliance was short-lived as the renewed Muscovite–Lithuanian War forced Sigismund to look for Habsburg allies. The marriage was loving, but short. Barbara was the mother of Hedwig, Electress of Bradenburg, but died soon after the birth of her second daughter Anna.



1479) Albert Austin

Albert Austin (1882 – 1953). English actor, film star, director, and script writer, remembered for his work in Charlie Chaplin films.

Austin's best known performance may be in Chaplin's short The Pawnshop (1916). After the development of sound films, he moved into scriptwriting, directing, and acting, chiefly in comedy shorts. Among other things, he assisted Chaplin in developing the plot of The Adventurer (1917). However, he only received screen credit as a collaborator once, for City Lights (1931).
- "The tight curls of his red hair and his tallness are the only clues to spot him"


1478) Henry du Pont

Henry du Pont (1812 – 1889). American military officer and businessman from Delaware, and a member of the Du Pont family.

He was the second son of Éleuthère Irénée du Pont and his wife, Sophie Madeleine Dalmas. E.I. du Pont was a French immigrant and gunpowder manufacturer who became the founder of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, a chemical company that is still in existence. Henry du Pont was educated at the American Classical and Military Academy in Germantown, Pennsylvania. He graduated from there in 1829 and enrolled at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. Du Pont graduated from West Point in 1833 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the United States Army.
When his father died in 1834, du Pont worked with his brother, Alfred, and his brother-in-law, Jacques Antoine Bidermann, in managing the company. In 1837, he married Louisa Gerhard, with whom he would have nine children, including a son, Henry A. du Pont, the future United States Senator. In 1850, Alfred retired from the family business and Henry du Pont became the head of the firm, which by that time had been joined by his younger brother, Alexis, and his nephew, Lammot.
- "Standing straight as a board, he had fiery red hair and beard that flared in contrast to his black suit and matching high hat, his cold blue eyes giving the finishing touch to the commanding appearance he so relished."
- "They recalled him as a man of medium stature, about five feet ten inches tall, with auburn hair, aquiline nose, hazel eyes, ruddy complexion and a somewhat prominent, though well-formed chin..."*.html


Monday, 15 August 2022

1477) Beatrice d'Este

Beatrice d'Este (1475 – 1497). Duchess of Bari and Milan by marriage to Ludovico Sforza (known as "il Moro"). She was one of the most important personalities of the time and, despite her short life, she was a major player in Italian politics. A woman of culture, an important patron, a leader in fashion: alongside her illustrious husband she made Milan one of the greatest capitals of the European Renaissance. With her own determination and bellicose nature, she was the soul of the Milanese resistance against the enemy French during the first of the Italian Wars.

She was the second child of Ercole I d'Este and Eleonora d'Aragona.

Mother of Maximilian Sforza.


Below, two portraits of Beatrice d'Este.

Ludovico Sforza and Beatrice d'Este

Lunette of Beatrice d'Este in Palazzo degli Atellani in Milan, early sixteenth century, perhaps by Bernardino Luini.   


And below, three presumed portraits of Beatrice d'Este.

1510 circa, by Alessandro Araldi

Portrait of a Lady in Profile, by Bernardino de' Conti (circle of Leonardo da Vinci)

Portrait of a Young Lady, c. 1500, from the circle of Leonardo da Vinci



1476) Anna Maria Sforza

Anna Maria Sforza (1476 – 1497). Hereditary Princess of Ferrara as the first wife of Alfonso I d'Este, future Duke of Ferrara. She was the second legitimate daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan, and his second wife, Bona of Savoy.

She had two older brothers: Gian Galeazzo Sforza and Hermes Maria Sforza, Marquis of Tortona, and a sister, Bianca Maria Sforza, second wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. Caterina Sforza was her half-sister.
In 1491 she married Alfonso I d'Este, the heir of Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, but died in childbirth in 1497.
Alfonso remarried, to Lucrezia Borgia, in 1502.
Below, a presumed portrait of Anna Maria (Ritratto di dama, by Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis, from the school of Leonardo da Vinci).


1475) Eleanor of Naples, Duchess of Ferrara

Eleanor of Naples (Leonora or Eleonora of Aragon; 1450 – 1493). Duchess of Ferrara by marriage to Ercole I d'Este. She was the first duchess of Ferrara, and mother of many famous Renaissance figures. She was a well known political figure, and served as regent of Ferrara during the absence of her spouse.

Mother of Beatrice d'Este

Her sister Beatrice married Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungray and Croatia