Saturday, 31 July 2021

1390) Mabel Dearmer

Jessie Mabel Pritchard Dearmer (née White; 1872 – 1915). English novelist, dramatist and children's book author/illustrator. She was a committed pacifist who died caring for the war wounded in Serbia.

- "

Mabel was a brillian creature, with flaming red-gold hair..."

1389) Dorothy Mackaye

Dorothy Mackaye (1899–1940). Scots-American actress of 20s and 30s stage and screen.

In 1921 she met Ziegfeld Follies song-and-dance man Ray Raymond while performing in "Blue Eyes". Raymond left his wife for her and they had a daughter, Valerie.
In 1927, actor Paul Kelly and husband Ray Raymond squared off over the affections of Dorothy in a violent, alcohol-induced fight. Dorothy was out shopping at the time. Raymond, seriously beaten about the head and body, lingered for two days then succumbed to a brain hemorrhage. Kelly was sentenced to prison for manslaughter (he served a little over two years) and Dorothy too for concealing and distorting facts (she tried to convince police that Raymond had died of "natural causes"). She was released after 10 months.
In 1931, Dorothy and Paul Kelly were married after he was released from prison. They returned to New York, but eventually moved back to California, where they raised her daughter Valerie Raymond as Mimi Kelly.
Dorothy Mackaye's account of her experiences, Women in Prison, became a film, Ladies They Talk About (1933), with Barbara Stanwyck, and was remade as Lady Gangster in 1942.
Mackaye died in a 1940 auto crash, when her car swerved and rolled into a ditch. She walked home, and, seeking to assuage Kelly's concerns, insisted that she was not seriously hurt. However, she had suffered internal injuries, and died within hours.

- "Dorothy Mackaye was a petite, plaintive, red-headed, almond-eyed Scots-American actress..."

- "Described by The Times as a “red-headed charmer,” Mackaye moved west to pursue stage acting..."

- "An energetic, blue-eyed, red haired youngster..."

- "With her red hair piled high on her head, gold rimmed glasses on her nose..."



1388) Sallie Ward

Sally Ward Lawrence Hunt Armstrong Downs, also known as Sallie Ward, (1827 – 1896). American "Southern belle." Born into the Southern aristocracy of Kentucky in the Antebellum South, she married four times. After a failed marriage into the Boston Brahmin elite, she married three more times and became a socialite in New Orleans and Louisville, Kentucky. She was one of the first women in the United States to wear cosmetics, and she wore daring outfits.

She organized one of the first fancy dress balls in Kentucky and paved the way for wearing several dresses during a given society ball.
- "... a rounded figure with auburn hair, blue eyes and penciled brows."

Friday, 30 July 2021

1387) Margaret Fuller

Sarah Margaret Fuller Ossoli (1810 – 1850). American journalist, editor, critic, translator, and women's rights advocate associated with the American transcendentalism movement. She was the first American female war correspondent, writing for Horace Greeley's New-York Tribune, and full-time book reviewer in journalism. Her book Woman in the Nineteenth Century is considered the first major feminist work in the United States.

- "She was short, had a somewhat curved spine, and auburn hair (red hair was considered unattractive)."
- "... a tall little girl with plain looks and auburn hair..."


Thursday, 29 July 2021

1386) Albertine, Baroness Staël von Holstein

Hedvig Gustava Albertina, Baroness de Staël-Holstein or simply Albertine (1797–1838). Daughter of Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein and Madame de Staël. Her biological father may have been the author Benjamin Constant.

- "... and Benjamin Constant the father of red-haired Albertine."
- "Some have noted that, like Benjamin, Albertine had red hair..."
Madame de Staël and her daughter Albertine by Marguerite Gérard


1385) Cora Pearl

Cora Pearl (born Eliza Emma Crouch, 1836 – 1886). British nineteenth century courtesan of the French demimonde who became most well known during the period of the Second French Empire.

Pearl was known for dressing creatively, with the intent to provoke either shock or awe. Théodore de Banville wrote of her affinity for dying her hair bold colors; she was once seen riding out in her carriage, her hair the color of a lemon, dyed to match the carriage's yellow satin interior. In another instance, she appeared in a blue gown, her dog’s coat dyed to match her wardrobe.

Pearl also utilized makeup in a manner heavier than most women of the time, using makeup to accentuate her eyes and eyelashes, and wearing face powder tinted with silver or pearls to give her skin a shimmering appearance. Jean-Philippe Worth, the son of the couturier Worth, pronounced her "shockingly overdone" in this aspect. In 1867, a drink came into vogue, inspired by Pearl, dubbed the "Tears of Cora Pearl". Alfred Delvau wrote a tribute to Pearl in Les Plaisirs de Paris in 1867, declaring that: "You are today, Madame, the renown, the preoccupation, the scandal and the toast of Paris. Everywhere they talk only of you…"
- "Among his many children, Emma was his favourite: she was a delightful child, lively and flirtatious, with red hair and a freckled face."
- "She had a round, freckled 'clown's' face, with small, piglet eyes, a large mouth, and unfashionably red hair."


1384) Benjamin Constant

Henri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque (1767 – 1830), or simply Benjamin Constant. Swiss-French political thinker, activist and writer on political theory and religion.

Besides his numerous essays on political and religious themes, Constant also wrote on romantic love. His autobiographical Le Cahier rouge (1807) gives an account of his love for Madame de Staël, whose protégé and collaborator he became, especially in the Coppet circle, and a successful novella, Adolphe (1816).

He was a fervent classical liberal of the early 19th century. He refined the concept of liberty, defining it as a condition of existence that allowed the individual to turn away interference from the state or society. His ideas influenced the Trienio Liberal movement in Spain, the Liberal Revolution of 1820 in Portugal, the Greek War of Independence, the November uprising in Poland, the Belgian Revolution, and liberalism in Brazil and Mexico.
He may have been the father of Albertine, daughter of Madame de Staël. 
- "He also had shocking red hair …[and] was also endowed with a caustic tongue, freckled face, blue-grey eyes, a nervous tic and poor posture."
- "From her, he inherited his red hair and pallid complexion."
- "Among the visitors were such men as the red-haired Benjamin Constant..."


1383) Dorothea von Schlegel

Dorothea Friederike von Schlegel (née Brendel Mendelssohn; 1764 – 1839). German novelist and translator.

She was the oldest daughter of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, a leading figure in the German Enlightenment. In 1783 she married the merchant and banker Simon Veit. Their son, Philipp Veit, would later become part of a circle of German Christian painters called "the Nazarenes," who influenced the English painters in the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. She met the poet and critic Friedrich von Schlegel in the salon of her friend Henriette Herz in July 1797, after which Dorothea divorced Simon on 11 January 1799.

Schlegel's novel Lucinde (1799) was seen as an account of their affair, causing a scandal in German literary circles. In 1801 her novel Florentin was published anonymously by Schlegel. Dorothea and Friedrich lived in Paris from 1802 until 1804, and after her divorce they married as Protestants. In 1807 she translated Corinne by Madame de Staël from French.
In 1808, Friedrich and Dorothea converted to Catholicism.
She was the aunt of composer Felix Mendelsshon
- "Unlike her close friend Henriette Herz, the red-haired Dorothea was neither beautiful nor gracious."
- "Rahel was downright plain, as was the squat, red-haired Dorothea Mendelssohn."


Wednesday, 28 July 2021

1382) George Kennedy Young

George Kennedy Young (1911 – 1990). Deputy director of MI6 (British foreign intelligence service). He was later involved in British conservative politics and was also a merchant banker.

- "... George Kennedy Young, the very tall and red-haired deputy director of MI6 from 1958 until late 1961."
- "A tall, independet-minded Scot with red hair and a sharp intellect..."
- "Young was an interesting man. A red-headed graduated of the University of Glasgow..."


Monday, 26 July 2021

1381) Remember Baker

Remember Baker (1737 – 1775). American soldier and member of the Green Mountain Boys who was murdered in Quebec during the early days of the American Revolutionary War.

- "Remember Baker, Jr. was described by a cousin as a tough, redheaded, freckle-faced young giant."

1380) John Barry

John Barry (1745 – 1803). Irish-American officer in the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War and later in the United States Navy. He has been credited as "The Father of the American Navy" (and shares that moniker with John Paul Jones, and John Adams) and was appointed a captain in the Continental Navy on December 7, 1775. He was the first captain placed in command of a U.S. warship commissioned for service under the Continental flag. 

After the war, he became the first commissioned U.S. naval officer, at the rank of commodore, receiving his commission from President George Washington in 1797.

- "He has blondish/red hair and blue eyes."
- "When we first meet John Barry he's 20 years old - 6 feet 4 inches - flaming red hair..."


Sunday, 25 July 2021

1379) B. F. Skinner

Burrhus Frederic Skinner (1904 – 1990). American psychologist, behaviourist, author, inventor, and social philosopher. He was a professor of psychology at Harvard University from 1958 until his retirement in 1974.Considering free will to be an illusion, Skinner saw human action as dependent on consequences of previous actions, a theory he would articulate as the principle of reinforcement: If the consequences to an action are bad, there is a high chance the action will not be repeated; if the consequences are good, the probability of the action being repeated becomes stronger.Skinner developed behaviour analysis, especially the philosophy of radical behaviourism, and founded the experimental analysis of behaviour, a school of experimental research psychology. He also used operant conditioning to strengthen behaviour, considering the rate of response to be the most effective measure of response strength. To study operant conditioning, he invented the operant conditioning chamber (aka the Skinner Box), and to measure rate he invented the cumulative recorder. Using these tools, he and Charles Ferster produced Skinner's most influential experimental work, outlined in their book Schedules of Reinforcement (1957).

- "... he was called Fred, and sometimes Red because of the color of his hair."
- "Skinner - known to friends as Fred and having red hair - ..."


1378) Isaac Singer

Isaac Merritt Singer (1811 – 1875). American inventor, actor, and businessman. He made important improvements in the design of the sewing machine and was the founder of what became one of the first American multi-national businesses, the Singer Sewing Machine Company. Many others, including Walter Hunt and Elias Howe, had patented sewing machines before Singer, but his success was based on the practicality of his machine, the ease with which it could be adapted to home use and its availability on an installments payment basis. Singer died in 1875, a millionaire dividing his $13 million fortune unequally among 20 of his living children by his wives and various mistresses. Altogether he fathered 24 children.

- "At six foot five, with thick reddish blond hair and a beard..."
- "He had a touch of red in his hair, was well over six feet tall, had hypnotic eyes and was totally irresistible to women."
- "Singer made an impressive Richard, his presence was commanding; he had reddish hair, a resounding voice, and at six feet four inches... Singer was described as “herculean in build, with a mane of auburn hair and a massive brow and jaw, he radiated vigor."
- "Singer was well fitted for the stage, his handsome face helped - square jaw, grey eyes, massive brow, framed by thick auburn hair..."




Friday, 23 July 2021

1377) Yuri Orlov

Yuri Fyodorovich Orlov (1924 – 2020). Particle accelerator physicist, human rights activist, Soviet dissident, founder of the Moscow Helsinki Group, a founding member of the Soviet Amnesty International group, and Professor of Physics at Cornell University. He was declared a prisoner of conscience while serving nine years in prison and internal exile for monitoring the Helsinki human rights accords as a founder of the human rights movement in the Soviet Union.

- "A photograph taken seven years into his sentence showed the white hair and ravaged face of an old man, barely recognizable as the once boyish-looking, red-haired young physicist."
- "To the Western correspondents and Soviet friends who knew Mr. Orlov in Moscow, he was a short, stocky man with curly red hair..."
- "Red-haired, tough, Orlov was believed by the dissident community to be among the last arrested..."
- "Orlov, a blunt man with bushy red hair, has long been a thorn to the Communist regime."


1376) Abe Lazarus

Abraham "Abe" Lazarus (1911–1967). British Communist activist, most famous for leading numerous high profile factory strikes in London and Oxford, and for organising communists and Jews to resist the British Union of Fascists. He was also the leader of a protest movement to topple the Cutteslowe Wall which segregated poor working class communities from wealthier ones. While living in Oxford he led tenant strikes in Cowley, and raised money for refugee children from the Spanish Civil War.


- "... slight at five foot six, hatless, auburn hair (some accounts say red)..."
- "Of medium height, with flaming red hair and startling blue eyes..."


Wednesday, 21 July 2021

1375) Charlotte Curtis

Charlotte Murray Curtis (1928 – 1987). American journalist, columnist and editor at The New York Times.
In 1974, she became an associate editor of the Times in charge of the Op-Ed Page, a position she held until 1982. Her name appeared on the Times masthead, the first woman to be included with the senior editors. Her column of social commentary ran from 1982 to June 1986.

- "But, true fame came to the society writer with flaming red hair always perfectly coiffed. Society Editor Charlotte Curtis's desk..."

- "When she was young, McCormick was thin and petite, as was Charlotte throughout her life, and both had red hair."

- "The byline belonged to Charlotte Curtis, 36, a supercharged, auburn-haired divorcee...",33009,940947,00.html

- "A petite figure, impeccably dressed with her auburn hair carefully styled..."



1374) Anne O'Hare McCormick

Anne O'Hare McCormick (1880 – 1954). English-American journalist who worked as a foreign news correspondent for The New York Times. In 1936, she became the first woman to be appointed to the editorial board of the Times and in 1937 she became the first woman to receive a Pulitzer Prize in a major journalism category (correspondence).
For her reporting during World War II, the War Department honored McCormick in 1946 with a campaign medal in recognition of "outstanding and conspicuous service with the armed forces under difficult and hazardous combat conditions." Also in 1946, McCormick was selected to represent the US as a member of the first delegation to the UNESCO conference at the United Nations.
Prior to the start of World War II, McCormick obtained interviews with Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, German leader Adolf Hitler, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill, President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, Popes Pius XI and XII, and other world leaders.

- "In 1921, a 42-year-old woman, 5'2", with reddish hair and blue eyes..."

- "... James B. Reston described McCormick as a reddish-haired, stylish and feminine woman..."

- "A small, red-headed woman..."



1373) Jean Tatlock

Jean Frances Tatlock (1914 – 1944). American psychiatrist and physician. She was a member of the Communist Party of the United States of America and was a reporter and writer for the party's publication Western Worker. She is most widely known for her romantic relationship with Robert Oppenheimer, the director of the Manhattan Project's Los Alamos Laboratory during World War II.

Tatlock began seeing Oppenheimer in 1936, when she was a graduate student at Stanford and Oppenheimer was a professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. As a result of their relationship and her membership of the Communist Party, she was placed under surveillance by the FBI and her phone was tapped.
She suffered from clinical depression and committed suicide on January 4, 1944.
- "She was tall and slender with green eyes and auburn hair..."


1372) William John Napier

William John Napier, 9th Lord Napier, Baron Napier (1786 – 1834). British Royal Navy officer and trade envoy in China.

Napier was the first British representative to suggest seizing Hong Kong. In a dispatch to Lord Palmerston on 14 August 1834, he suggested a commercial treaty, backed by an armed force, be done to secure the rights and interests of European merchants in China. He recommended that a small British force "should take possession of the Island of Hongkong, in the eastern entrance of the Canton River, which is admirably adapted for every purpose".
- "He also had red hair, thus fulfilling the Chinese stereotype of the 'red-haired barbarian devil'".


Monday, 19 July 2021

1371) Ann Rutledge

Ann Rutledge (1813 – 1835) was allegedly Abraham Lincoln's first love.

Many of the facts of her life are lost to history, but some historians believe that she was the first love of Abraham Lincoln. The exact nature of the Lincoln–Rutledge relationship has been debated by historians and non-historians since 1865.
The story goes that Rutledge was engaged to marry John MacNamar, a dubious character who left for New York and promised to marry her upon his return. Rutledge and Lincoln met after this and supposedly fell in love while MacNamar was away and she promised to marry Lincoln after MacNamar released her. For a time Rutledge and MacNamar exchanged letters, but his letters became more formal and less ardent in turn and eventually ceased completely. MacNamar never returned before her death.
In 1835, a wave of typhoid hit the town of New Salem. Ann Rutledge died at the age of 22 on August 25, 1835. This sad event left Lincoln severely depressed.
- " She was described as bright and beautiful, with auburn hair, blue eyes and a fair complexion..."
- "She was red-haired, of moderate, well-proportioned figure..."
- " She shone as she ran with her blue eyes and long red hair through his dark little village..."


1370) William Mentor Graham

William Mentor Graham (1800 - 1886). American teacher best known for tutoring Abraham Lincoln and giving him his higher education during the future President's time in New Salem, Illinois. Graham was born near Greensburg, Kentucky and died in Blunt, South Dakota.

- "Tall, with red hair and bushy red eyebrows..."
- "His curly red hair and freckled face..."
- "The relation between the fiery, red-haired country schoolmaster..."