Friday, 18 October 2019

1210) Ellen Smith

Ellen Smith. English laundress who became a model for D. G. Rossetti, Simon Solomon, E. Poynter, E. Burne-Jones, G. P. Boyce and others. Rossetti saw her in the street in 1860 and persuaded her to come and sit for him.
Some of the paintings she sat for are Joli Coeur, A Christmas Carol and The Beloved (she is the left-hand bridesmaid).
According to George Boyce’s diary, a soldier, who probably objected to Smith's beauty being admired by others, cut her face to ribbons and disfigured her so badly she could not model anymore. She eventually married a cabbie and returned to Boyce to offer her services as a laundress.

- "Smith's thick dark auburn hair, her almond-shaped eyes, her round sweet face with strong brow and jawline..."  https://books.google.it/books…




Pastel portrait by Rossetti

Portrait by G. P. Boyce

Joli Coeur (1867) D G Rossetti


A Christmas Carol (1867), D G Rossetti


The Beloved (Smith is the bridesmaid on the left)

Thursday, 17 October 2019

1209) Marguerite Khnopff

Marguerite Khnopff. Sister and model of Belgian painter Fernand Khnopff (1585 - 1921). She modeled, among others, for paintings such as I Lock the Door Upon Myself, The Caress, Who Shall Deliver Me?

- "In 1891, the Belgian symbolist Fernand Khnopff debuted I Lock the Door Upon Myself, featuring his red haired sister as model and proxy."  https://books.google.it/

- "In his case, however, the paintings of the auburn-haired Marguerite amounted to a near-obsession..."  https://books.google.it/


The Caress

Who Shall Deliver Me?

I Lock the Door Upon Myself

Portrait of Marguerite Khnopff

1208) Annie Miller

Annie Miller (1835–1925). English artists' model who, among others, sat for the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, William Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and John Everett Millais.
She was working as a barmaid when she attracted the attention of Hunt. He had planned to marry Annie and so, before he left for Palestine in 1854, he made arrangements for her to be educated while he was away. Hunt returned from his travels in 1856, but Annie became involved with the seventh Viscount Ranelagh, even though Hunt proposed to her. As a result, Hunt finally broke off the engagement in 1859. Annie eventually married Ranelagh's first cousin, Captain Thomas Thomson.
 
- "The result is a curious combination of Miller's distinctively red-gold, wavy hair..."  https://books.google.it/

Portrait by Millais

Woman in Yellow, by D. G. Rossetti

Helen of Troy, by D. G. Rossetti

Mary Magdalene, Leaving the House Feasting, by D. G. Rossetti

The Awakening Conscience, by W. H. Hunt
Il dolce far niente, by W. H. Hunt

1207) Fanny Cornforth

Fanny Cornforth (1835 – 1909). Englishwoman who became the artist's model and mistress of the Pre-Raphaelite painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Later, Cornforth performed the duties of housekeeper for Rossetti.
In Rossetti's paintings, the figures modeled by Fanny Cornforth are generally rather voluptuous, differing from those of other models such as Jane Morris and Elizabeth Siddal.
It is believed that her real name was Sarah Cox, and that she was born in Steyning, West Sussex, the daughter of a blacksmith. Her first role was as to model the head of the principal figure in the painting Found.
William Michael Rossetti wrote that "she was a pre-eminently fine woman with regular and sweet features, and a mass of the most lovely blond hair – light-golden, or 'harvest yellow'." However, in most of the paintings she sat for, her hair looks quite reddish, or even copper.
Some of the paintings featuring Cornforth are Bocca Baciata, Lucrezia Borgia, Fair Rosamund, Fazio's Mistress (Aurelia), The Blue Bower, Lady Lilith, Found, The Holy Grail (all by Rossetti) and Sidonia von Bork (by E. Burne-Jones).


Aurelia (Fazio's Mistress)

Portrait of Cornfoth by Rossetti

Bocca Baciata

Fair Rosamund


Sidonia von Bork

Found

Lucrezia Borgia

Lady Lilith

Womann Combing Her Hair

The Blue Bower

Friday, 11 October 2019

1206) Tryphena Foord

Tryphena Foord (1828 - 1921). Wife and model of English painter Arthut Hughes. He was not an official member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, but his paintings exhibit the Pre-Raphaelite style and preference of themes. She modeled for many of his husband's works, such as April Love, The Long Engagement, Amy, A Music Party, Back from the Sea, The Rift within the Lute, etc.

A Music Party,

April Love

Back from the Sea

The Rift within the Lute

Amy

The Long Engagement

Thursday, 10 October 2019

1205) Mary Emma Jones

Mary Emma Jones, also known as Miss Clive. Actress, model and common-law wife of painter, illustrator and draughtsman Anthony Frederick Augustus Sandys (1829 - 1904).
They met in 1862, when she modeled for The Magdalen, but since he was already married with Georgiana Creed, he took her as his common-law wife for the rest of his life. She gave birth to a large number of children, 10 of whom were raised under the name of Neville and survived after Sandys' death.
She modeled for many paintings and drawings (both for Sandys and his sister Emma), such as Proud Maise, Helen of Troy, Perdita, Love's Shadows, etc.

Mary Emma Jones, by Emma Sandys

Mary Magdalene

Helen of Troy

Love's Shadow

Perdita

Proud Maise

1204) Donald Sandys Wunsch

Donald Frederick Sandys Wunsch (1887 – 1973). English-born New Zealand chemical engineer and factory manager.
In the 1957 New Year Honours he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in recognition of his role as chairman of the Advisory Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.
In 2010, IChemE in New Zealand instituted the annual Kennedy-Wunsch lecture, in recognition of the pioneering roles that both Wunsch and Miles Kennedy played in the development of chemical engineering in New Zealand.

- "With his red hair and beard and piercing blue eyes, chemical engineer Donald Sandys Wunsch was a distinctive figure in Edendale..."  https://teara.govt.nz/…/photogra…/39814/donald-sandys-wunsch

- "A tall, thin man with a shock of red hair, a bushy red beard and very blue, intelligent eyes, Donald Sandys Wunsch wore small glasses, English tweed knickerbockers, and was rarely seen without a pipe in his mouth.https://teara.govt.nz/…/biographies/4w28/wunsch-donald-fred…



Wednesday, 9 October 2019

1203) Rudy Vallée

Hubert Prior "Rudy" Vallée (1901 – 1986). American singer, actor, bandleader, and radio host. He was one of the first modern pop stars of the teen idol type.
His father was of Canadian origins and his mother of Irish origins.
After graduation, he formed Rudy Vallée and the Connecticut Yankees, having named himself after saxophonist Rudy Wiedoeft. He became one of the first crooners. Singers needed strong voices to fill theaters in the days before microphones. Crooners had soft voices that were suited to the intimacy of radio. Vallée's trombone-like vocal phrasing on "Deep Night" would inspire Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, and Perry Como to model their voices on jazz instruments.
Vallée was one of the first celebrity pop stars. Flappers pursued him wherever he went and his live appearances were usually sold out.
In 1929, Vallée made his first feature film, The Vagabond Lover for RKO Radio. His first films were made to cash in on his singing popularity. While his initial performances were rather wooden, his acting greatly improved in the late 1930s and 1940s, and by the time he began working with Preston Sturges in the 1940s, he had become a successful comedic supporting player. He appeared opposite Claudette Colbert in Sturges's 1942 screwball comedy The Palm Beach Story. Other films in which he appeared include I Remember Mama, Unfaithfully Yours and The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer.


- "His body had thickened a bit, but his eyes were alive and when he smiled, which was often, it was the familiar Vallee smile, consuming his face under a swatch of thinning but still very red hair.https://www.latimes.com/…/la-xpm-1986-07-04-mn-741-story.ht…



Tuesday, 1 October 2019

1202) Sandy Powell

Albert Arthur Powell ( 1900 – 1982), known as Sandy Powell. English comedian best known for his radio work of the 1930s and for his catchphrase "Can you hear me, mother?".
In the 1930s he began to work on the radio, always introducing his show with the catchphrase "Can you hear me, mother?". Powell said that the catchphrase originated on an occasion when he had dropped his script and was killing time at the microphone while rearranging the pages. It is also attributed to his mother's coercion and her hardness of hearing, during his early career. At his next booking, the theatre manager asked him to say it again as everyone was saying it now. He also appeared in a number of films during the 1930s, usually as himself. In 1939 he was voted the fifth most popular British star at the local box office.
A popular figure, he worked continually on radio, television and pantomime through the 1940s and 1950s.


- "His stage name Sandy came from his red hair."  http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search…

- ""Sandy" because of his ginger hair.https://bootsalesounds.blogspot.com/2005/09/

- "... rhyme commemorating the red-haired, Yorkshire-born music-hall comedian."  https://books.google.it/books…


Monday, 30 September 2019

1201) Beulah Annan

Beulah May Annan (née Sheriff; 1899 – 1928). American suspected murderer. Her story inspired Maurine Dallas Watkins's play Chicago in 1926. The play was adapted into a 1927 silent film (with Francine Larrimore as Roxie Hart), a 1975 stage musical, and a 2002 movie musical (which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), all with that title, and a 1942 romantic comedy film, Roxie Hart (with Ginger Rogers as Roxie Hart), named for the character who Annan inspired.

- "They say she’s the prettiest woman ever accused of murder in Chicago—young, slender, with bobbed auburn hair; wide set, appealing blue eyes; up-tilted nose..."  https://chicagology.com/notorious-chicago/beaulahandbelva/

- "Beulah Annan was known as the “prettiest murderess” for her red hair and fair looks."  https://chicagogsu.wordpress.com/source-material/

- "The image proved irresistible: the thin straight nose, the high cheekbones . . . the gorgeous red hair that rolled off her head like a prairie fire,”  https://nypost.com/2010/08/08/the-girls-of-murder-city/

- "Beulah Annan wore her red hair in a bob."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "With her flaming red hair showing at its best with a fresh trim and marcel, she made a picture which would rival paintings of the famous Titian.https://books.google.it/books…


1200) Steven Runciman

Sir James Cochran Stevenson Runciman (1903 – 2000), known as Steven Runciman. English historian best known for his three-volume A History of the Crusades (1951–54).
His three-volume history has had a profound impact on common conceptions of the Crusades, primarily portraying the Crusaders negatively and the Muslims favourably. Runciman was a strong admirer of the Byzantine Empire, and consequently held a bias against the Crusaders for the Fourth Crusade evident in his work. While praised by older crusade historians as a storyteller and prose stylist, he is viewed as biased by some contemporary historians.

- "Tall and large-boned, with auburn hair glinting, he would glide into a party and soon be surrounded."  https://jmarin.jimdo.com/homenajes/sir-steven-runciman/

- "Steven cut his auburn hair in a fringe, befriended Cecil Beaton and wore rouge..."  https://www.spectator.co.uk/…/steven-runciman-historian-te…/



Sunday, 29 September 2019

1199) Noah Webster

Noah Webster Jr. (1758 – 1843). American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author. He has been called the "Father of American Scholarship and Education". His "Blue-backed Speller" books taught five generations of American children how to spell and read. Webster's name has become synonymous with "dictionary" in the United States, especially the modern Merriam-Webster dictionary that was first published in 1828 as An American Dictionary of the English Language.
In 1806 he published his first dictionary, A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language. The following year, he started working on an expanded and comprehensive dictionary, finally publishing it in 1828. He was very influential in popularizing certain spellings in the United States. He was also influential in establishing the Copyright Act of 1831, the first major statutory revision of U.S. copyright law. While working on a second volume of his dictionary, Webster died in 1843, and the rights to the dictionary were acquired by George and Charles Merriam.


- "Webster’s flaming red hair and remarkably erect bearing made him a striking figure."  https://www.latimes.com/la-oe-kendall15-2008oct15-story.html

- "But then, everything changed when I found, inside, a lock of Noah Webster’s hair, red and wispy."  http://www.hemisphericinstitute.org/…/en/e-misferica…/lepore

- "Webster was tall with flaming red hair.https://www.hbook.com/…

- "His gray eyes were flecked with brown and his red hair never would behave."  https://books.google.it/books…



Saturday, 28 September 2019

1198) Helen Thomas Flexner

Helen Thomas Flexner (1871 - 1956). Professor of English at Bryn Mawr College (where her sister Martha Carey Thomas was the president) and author of the book A Quaker Childhood.
Her husband was Simon Flexner, director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. One of their children was historian James Thomas Flexner.

- "Bertrand Russell once described her as "gentle, deaf and rather timid with very lovely red hair.https://www.washingtonpost.com/…/41b5db3d-f8d4-4076-9946-a…/

- "Well, my mother was was redheaded, at a time when when red hair was just beginning to come into fashion."  http://www.booknotes.org/Watch/72573-1/James-Thomas-Flexner

- "In their correspondence, her red hair stood as the symbol of her physical attractiveness. If only she did not have red hair!https://books.google.it/books…


Friday, 27 September 2019

1197) James Thomas Flexner

James Thomas Flexner (1908 – 2003). American historian and biographer best known for the four-volume biography of George Washington that earned him a National Book Award in Biography and a special Pulitzer Prize. His one-volume abridgment, Washington: the Indispensable Man (1974) was the basis of two television miniseries broadcast in the mid-1980s starring Barry Bostwick as Washington.
He wrote other historical biographies, including The Young Hamilton (on Alexander Hamilton), Mohawk Baronet (on Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet), and The Traitor and the Spy: Benedict Arnold and John André. He wrote many books on the history of American art, including a highly regarded life of the American painter John Singleton Copley.
His father was Simon Flexner, a sixth-grade dropout who became a self-taught microbiologist, pathologist, director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York City and discoverer of a cure for spinal meningitis. 
His mother was Helen Thomas [Flexner], a professor of English at Bryn Mawr whose sister, Martha Carey Thomas, was president of the college.

- "His hair rises from his scalp in the same strong, tight curls that were to make my own red hair almost impossible to comb." https://books.google.it/books…


- "Until it faded when I was in my forties, my red hair made an instantaneous favorable impression wherever I went." https://books.google.it/books…



1196) Harriet Hubbard Ayer

Harriet Hubbard Ayer (1849 – 1903). American cosmetics entrepreneur and journalist.
In 1886, she launched Recamier Toilet Preparations, Inc., which she managed and marketed by incorporating her own name on the label and writing strategic, innovative advertising copy. Her products included creams, balms, scents, brushes, soaps and more which brought in over one million dollars a year. She used much of her earnings for interesting advertisements, paid endorsements by famous entertainers, and for advertorials.
Between 1887 and 1893, at the height of her career as the head of her cosmetics company, Blanche Howard, a finishing school mistress in Stuttgart, Germany, turned Ayer's daughters, who were enrolled there, against her. Ayer was publicly accused of scandalous behavior in five lawsuits in 1889, which were broadcast weekly in the newspapers. In her attempt to regain control over her children, she was drugged and isolated and eventually institutionalized in 1893 by her former husband, Herbert Copeland Ayer.
It took fourteen months for her to escape from the Bronxville Insane Asylum. While recovering from her ordeal and to regain the respect of her daughters and the community, Ayer gave dramatic lectures in 1895 documenting the intolerable conditions in asylums. Her career as a journalist commenced a year later, when in 1896 she was hired by the New York World to write and edit their new weekly woman’s section.
When she died, she was the highest paid female journalist in the United States and was receiving 20,000 letters a year.


- "Ayer emerged from the asylum in the same dress and underclothes she had been wearing when she had entered, all now in tatters. Her red hair was now gray.http://www.perfumeprojects.com/…/marketers/Harriet_Hubbard_…

- "When she was eventually released her flame red hair was completely grey..."  https://books.google.it/books…