Friday, 29 June 2018

250) Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (1599 – 1658). English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

- “The embalmed head, still with its leathery skin and traces of gingery hair, found some repose with the early Russells. […]Do they need more than to be shown that the gruesome head, commensurate in size with what is known of Cromwell, still covered in skin with faint traces of reddish hair…http://archive.spectator.co.uk/…/the-strange-tale-of-cromwe…
 
However, the authenticity of the head is not accepted by everyone.

249) Geoffrey V Plantagenet

Geoffrey V (1113 – 1151) — called the Handsome or the Fair and Plantagenet. Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son, Henry Curtmantle, who succeeded to the English throne as King Henry II (1154-1189) and was the first of the Plantagenet dynasty to rule England; the name "Plantagenet" was taken from Geoffrey's epithet. His ancestral domain of Anjou gave rise to the name Angevin for three kings of England (Henry II his son and heir, and Henry's sons Richard and John), and what became known as the Angevin Empire in the 12th century. Son of Fulk V.

- “John of Marmoutier describes Geoffrey as handsome, red-headed, jovial, and a great warrior;” https://en.wikipedia.org/…/Geoffrey_Plantagenet,_Count_of_A…

- "On his wedding day, Geoffrey of Anjou was a tall, bumptious teenager with ginger hair, a seemingly inexhaustible natural energy and a flair for showmanship. His fair-skinned good looks earned him the sobriquet Le Bel. Tradition also has it that he liked to wear a sprig of bright yellow broom blossom (planta genista in Latin) in his hair, which earned him another nickname: Geoffrey Plantagenet...." http://spartacus-educational.com/MEDstephen.htm

248) Fulk V of Anjou

Fulk (c. 1089/92 – 1143), also known as Fulk the Younger. Count of Anjou (as Fulk V) from 1109 to 1129 and the King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. Father of Geoffrey V Plantagenet.

- “According to William, Fulk was "a ruddy man, like David... faithful and gentle, affable and kind... an experienced warrior full of patience and wisdom in military affairs." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fulk,_King_of_Jerusalem
 
- “He was also short, fat, red-haired and sixteen years older than his bride.http://www.medievalqueens.com/queen-melisende-of-jerusalem.…

247) Fulk I of Anjou

Fulk I of Anjou (c. 870 – 942) — Foulques le Roux (French, "Fulk the Red", i.e., "Red Falcon") — held the county of Anjou first as Viscount, then Count, until his death. He was the first count of Anjou.

- “Red hair was a distinguishing characteristic of the Angevin Counts. Fulk I. derived his name of Rufus from this peculiarity, which was inherited by many of his descendants, among them Fulk V., his son Geoffrey Plantagenet, and his grandson Henry Fitz-Empress.https://books.google.it/books…

246) Ismail I

Ismail I (1487 – 1524). Founder of the Safavid dynasty of Iran, ruling from 1501 to 23 May 1524 as shah (king).
During Ismail's reign, mainly in the late 1510's, the first steps for the Habsburg–Persian alliance were set as well, with Charles V and Louis II of Hungary being in contact with a view to combining against the common Ottoman Turkish enemy.

- “Ismail was described by contemporaries as having a regal appearance, gentlemanly in quality and youthfulness. He also had a fair complexion and red hair. His appearance compared to other olive-skinned Persians, his descent from the Safavid Shaykhs, and his religious ideals, contributed to people's expectation based on various legends circulating during this period of heightened religious awareness in Western Asia.
An Italian traveller describes Ismail as follows:
“ This Sophi is fair, handsome, and very pleasing; not very tall, but of a light and well-framed figure; rather stout than slight, with broad shoulders. His hair is reddish; he only wears moustachios, and uses his left hand instead of his right
.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_I

245) Catherine of Austria

Catherine of Austria (1533 – 1572). One of the fifteen children of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. In 1553, she married Polish King Sigismund II Augustus and became Queen consort of Poland and Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania. Sister of Magdalena of Austria and Joanna of Austria.




244) Elizabeth of York

Elizabeth of York (1466 – 1503). Queen consort of England from 1486 until her death. As the wife of Henry VII, she was the first Tudor queen. She was the daughter of Edward IV and niece of Richard III, and she married the king following Henry's victory at the Battle of Bosworth which started the last phase of the Wars of the Roses. She was the mother of King Henry VIII, Margaret, Mary and Arthur.
Therefore, she was the daughter, sister, niece, wife, mother and grandmother of successive Kings and Queens of England.

- "Elizabeth of York was a renowned beauty, inheriting her parents' fair hair and complexion. All other Tudor monarchs inherited her reddish gold hair and the trait became synonymous with the dynasty." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_of_York

243) Charlotte of France

Charlotte of France (1516 – 1524). Second child and second daughter of King Francis I and his wife Claude, Duchess of Brittany. Sister of Francis III of Brittany and Madeleine of Valois.

- "Charlotte was born in the Château d'Amboise, on 23 October 1516, the second daughter and child of King Francis I and Queen Claude. She had greenish blue eyes and bright red hair." https://www.revolvy.com/…/Charlotte%20of%20Valois&item_type…


242) Francis III of Brittany

Francis III of Brittany (1518 – 1536). Duke of Brittany and Dauphin of Viennois as the first son and heir of King Francis I of France and Duchess Claude of Brittany. Brother of Charlotte of France and Madeleine of Valois.




241) Christian II of Denmark

Christian II (1481 – 1559). Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513 until 1523 and of Sweden from 1520 until 1521. From 1513 to 1523, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig and Holstein in joint rule with his uncle Frederick. He married Isabella of Austria. Sweden secessed from the Kalmar Union thanks to Gustav Vasa.




Thursday, 28 June 2018

240) Giulia Beccaria

Giulia Beccaria (1762 - 1841). Italian noblewoman, daughter of Cesare Beccaria and mother of the novelist and poet Alessandro Manzoni.
"She is beautiful and restless, with red hair and grey-green eyes. She is lively, intelligent and enthisiastic."
http://www.enciclopediadelledonne.it/biografie/giulia-beccaria/
(Portrait of Giulia Beccaria and her
son Alessandro Manzoni, 1790 by Andrea Appiani)

(Portrait of Giulia Manzoni Beccaria,
1802 by Maria Cosway) 

239) Edith Wharton

Edith Wharton (1862 - 1937). Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist, short story writer, and designer.
"Her relations gave rise to the phrase 'keeping up with the Joneses'; but that did nothing to help the aspirations of an un-pretty, unfashionably red-headed little girl who was born to be remarkable. Almost symbolically, Edith's red hair remained defiantly unfaded until her dying day."
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/books/authors/edith-wharton-a-magnificent-and-subtle-writer/



238) Oruç Reis

Oruç Reis (1474–1518). Ottoman bey (governor) of Algiers and beylerbey (chief governor) of the West Mediterranean.
He was known in folk etymology in Europe as Barbarossa (which means Redbeard in Italian).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oru%C3%A7_Reis


237) Sir Hudson Lowe

Sir Hudson Lowe (1769 - 1844). Anglo-Irish soldier and colonial administrator who is best known for his time as Governor of St Helena where he was the "gaoler" of Napoleon Bonaparte.
"...a man of about forty-five years of age, of the common height, slender make, with red hair ruddy, freckled complexion..."
https://books.google.it/books


236) Hugh Judson Kilpatrick

Hugh Judson Kilpatrick (1836 - 1881). Officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, achieving the rank of brevet major general. He was later the United States Minister to Chile, and a failed political candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives.
"Described as short in stature, with red hair and stringy sand-colored side burns, he spoke in a shrill voice and walked in a rolling gate."
http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/chron/civilwarnotes/kilpatrick.html


235) Nathaniel Lyon

Nathaniel Lyon (1818 - 1861). He was the first Union general to be killed in the American Civil War and is noted for his actions in the state of Missouri at the beginning of the conflict.
"..disguised in women’s clothes, including a bonnet and veil to hide his red hair and whiskers, [Lyon] had ridden in an open carriage to reconnoiter a secessionist camp."
http://npg.si.edu/blog/battle-wilson%E2%80%99s-creek-missouri-august-10-1861-death-general


234) George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer (1839 - 1876). United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.
"Custer himself has been depicted arrayed in a short jacket, an enormous red tie, and long red hair falling over his shoulders."
https://www.kshs.org/p/the-pictorial-record-of-the-old-west-4/13042
"He had freckles, and reddish-blonde hair."
https://www.esquire.com/news-politics/news/a23270/introducing-george-armstrong-custer-062813/
"Deep blue eyes and a shock of reddish blonde hair rounded out his features."
https://truewestmagazine.com/the-civil-war-custer/
"He was an over the top character who loved publicity and gained more than other more accomplished officers, the press for their part loved him a young showman with long red hair and a taste for velvet jackets with gold braid he would not have been out of place in Napoleon's cavalry of half a century earlier."
http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_custer.html

However, Plains Indians used to calling him "Yellow hair", so it's possible either he was a strawberry blond or, over the years, his hair turned to a sandy shade, which is not unusual for redheads before their hair becomes white.


233) George Bernard Shaw

Geroge Bernard Shaw (1856-1950). Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist. His influence on Western theatre, culture and politics extended from the 1880s to his death and beyond. He wrote more than sixty plays, including major works such as Man and Superman (1902), Pygmalion (1912) and Saint Joan (1923). With a range incorporating both contemporary satire and historical allegory, Shaw became the leading dramatist of his generation, and in 1925 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
"At twenty, Shaw was tall, gangly, thin, pale, and red-haired, with sharp gray eyes, projecting ears, prominent brows, and an even more prominent nose."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Bernard_Shaw


232) Jacquotte Delahaye

Jacquotte Delahaye (fl. 1656), was a pirate, or buccaneer, active in the Caribbean sea.
"Upon her return, she became known as "back from the dead red" because of her striking red hair."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacquotte_Delahaye

231) Anne Bonny

Anne Bonny (c. 1700 - c. 1782). Irish pirate operating in the Caribbean.
"It is recorded that Anne had red hair and was considered a "good catch", but may have had a fiery temper; at age 13, she supposedly stabbed a servant girl with a table knife."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Bonny



230) John of Denmark

John of Denmark (1518 – 1532). Eldest child and first of four sons born to the King and Queen of Denmark and Norway, Christian II and Isabella of Austria. Brother of Dorothea.

229) Dorothea of Denmark and Norway

Dorothea of Denmark and Norway (1520 – 1580). Danish, Norwegian and Swedish princess and an electress of the Palatinate as the wife of Elector Frederick II of the Palatinate. Daughter of Christian II of Denmark and Isabella of Austria. Sister of John.



228) Anne of Denmark

Anne of Denmark (1574 – 1619). Queen consort of Scotland, England, and Ireland as the wife of King James VI and I. Mother of Charles I.
Although on some websites her hair is described as "fair" or "blonde", in several of her portraits it looks quite red.





227) Elizabeth Stuart

Elizabeth Stuart (1596 – 1662). Wife of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, Electress Palatine, and briefly, Queen of Bohemia. Due to her husband’s reign in Bohemia lasting for just one winter, Elizabeth is often referred to as The Winter Queen. She was the second child and eldest daughter of James VI and I, King of Scots, England, and Ireland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark.









226) Charles I of England

Charles I (1600 – 1649). Monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. Second son of King James VI of Scotland and Anne of Danemark.

- " He paid £3,910 for the red-brown lock of hair belonging to Charles I..." http://www.independent.co.uk/…/lock-of-charles-is-hair-sell…

- "They say he had chestnut color hair, which is sort of a brownish red." https://mikespassingthoughts.wordpress.com/…/interesting-f…/