Monday, 20 August 2018

590) Muhammad I of Granada

Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Nasr (1195 – 1273). First ruler of the Emirate of Granada, the last independent Muslim state on the Iberian Peninsula, and the founder of its ruling Nasrid dynasty.

- "... soprannominato al-Aḥmar (il Rosso) per la colorazione rossiccia della barba." [nicknamed al-Aḥmar (the Red) because of the reddish shade of his beard] https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Nasr

- "Muhammad I of Granada, also known as ibn Al-Ahmar (“the son of the red”). The Alhambra, in this theory, inherits its name from the hair of the King of Granada." https://www.inmsol.com/…/l…/the-origin-of-the-name-alhambra/

- "He got nickname“Al-hambra” because of his red hair and beard." https://chenfengsite.wordpress.com/2016/01/06/granada/

- "The founder of the dinasty of the Beny-Nasr, an Arab named Ibn-el-Ahmar, or the "Red man" because of his fair skin and hair..." https://books.google.it/books…




Sunday, 19 August 2018

589) Peter Paul Rubens

Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577 – 1640). Flemish artist. He is considered the most influential artist of Flemish Baroque tradition. Rubens' highly charged compositions reference erudite aspects of classical and Christian history. His unique and immensely popular Baroque style emphasized movement, color, and sensuality, which followed the immediate, dramatic artistic style promoted in the Counter-Reformation. Rubens specialized in making altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.
In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England. Rubens was a prolific artist. The catalogue of his works by Michael Jaffé lists 1,403 pieces, excluding numerous copies made in his workshop.


- "One has the work of a most energetic, red-haired and red-bearded Rubens, full of sympathy and understanding." http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/old-masters/rubens.htm





588) Herbert Oliver "Peter" Huntington-Whiteley

Capt. Herbert Oliver "Peter" Huntington-Whiteley (1920 - 1944). Grandson of Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin. He was a Captain in Ian Fleming's famed 30 Assault Unit during World War II.

- "Tall, red-haired Herbert Oliver Huntington-Whiteley, grandson of Stanley Baldwin..." https://books.google.it/books…




587) Stanley Baldwin

Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, (1867 – 1947). British statesman of the Conservative Party who dominated the government in his country between the world wars. Three times Prime Minister, he is the only British premier to have served under three monarchs (George V, Edward VIII and George VI).
Grandfather of Capt. Herbert Oliver Huntington-Whiteley.

We only found this reference.
- "Red-haired, somewhat awkward in his movements and with an outstretched hand." https://books.google.it/books…







586) Cyrus W. Field

Cyrus West Field (1819 – 1892). American businessman and financier who, along with other entrepreneurs, created the Atlantic Telegraph Company and laid the first telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean in 1858.

- "At the age of 34, lithe, red-haired Cyrus W. Field had retired from the paper business a rich man." https://books.google.it/books…

- "He had bright red hair like his grandfather, Cyrus West FIELD." http://atlantic-cable.com/Field/FieldDescendants.htm


585) Horace Wells

Horace Wells (1815 – 1848). American dentist who pioneered the use of anesthesia in dentistry, specifically nitrous oxide (or laughing gas).

- "It ruined her handsome, red-haired, lively and lovable husband..." https://books.google.it/books…

- "Soon after this presentation, Horace Wells was trying to do the first painless operation. After the lecture, Dr Warren called the man with a dense reddish hair:" http://neurologicalsociety.org/switching-off-consciousness…/


Saturday, 18 August 2018

584) Sigismund Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland

Sigismund Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland (1640 – 1647). Only legitimate son of King Władysław IV and his first wife Queen Cecilia Renata.



583) Władysław IV Vasa

Władysław IV Vasa (1595 – 1648). Polish prince from the Royal House of Vasa. He reigned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 8 November 1632 to his death in 1648.
Władysław IV was the son of Sigismund III Vasa and his wife, Anna of Austria (also known as Anna of Habsburg). His first wife was Cecilia Renata of Austria. Father of Sigismund Casimir.






582) Cecilia Renata of Austria

Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria (1611 – 1644). Queen of Poland as the wife of King Władysław IV Vasa. She was the daughter of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor, of the House of Habsburg, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. Sister of Ferdinand III. Mother of Sigismund Casimir.




581) Maria Anna of Bavaria

Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574 – 1616). German princess member of the House of Wittelsbach by birth and Archduchess of Inner Austria by marriage. She married her first-cousin Ferdinand II, Archduke of Inner Austria and was the mother of Ferdinand III and of Cecilia Renata of Austria.


580) Jacopo Peri

Jacopo Peri (1561 – 1633), known under the pseudonym Il Zazzerino. Italian composer and singer of the transitional period between the Renaissance and Baroque styles, and is often called the inventor of opera. He wrote the first work to be called an opera today, Dafne (around 1597), and also the first opera to have survived to the present day, Euridice (1600).

- "Jacopo Peri, whose red-hued hair earned him this nickname [Zazzerino]." https://books.google.it/books…

- "Jacopo Peri, an accomplished artist ten years younger than Caccini (and endowed with attractive red-golden hair)..." https://books.google.it/books…

- "Rosselli explains the nickname Il Zazzerino (a reference to Peri's shock of red hair)..." https://books.google.it/books…

- "... Jacopo Peri, a young tenor nicknamed Zazzerino (long hair) for his mane of red-blond hair who moved listeners to tears with his voice." https://books.google.it/books…


579) Fred Terry

Fred Terry (1863 – 1933). English actor and theatrical manager. After establishing his reputation in London and in the provinces for a decade, he joined the company of Herbert Beerbohm Tree where he remained for four years, meeting his future wife, Julia Neilson. With Neilson, he played in London and on tour for 27 further years, becoming famous in sword and cape roles, such as the title role in The Scarlet Pimpernel.
Brother of Ellen Terry.

- "A large, imposing man with red curly hair, he was renowned for his dedication to the theatre, but also for his love of gambling at cards and on the horses." https://www.nytimes.com/…/ch…/gielgud-a-theatrical-life.html



578) Eleonora Gonzaga the Elder

Eleonora Gonzaga (1598 – 1655). Princess of Mantua as a member of the House of Gonzaga and by marriage Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia, being the second wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor. Youngest child of Vincenzo I Gonzaga.
Nicknamed the Elder to distinguish herself from her namesake niece, during her reign the Imperial court in Vienna became one of the centers of European baroque music. As Empress, Eleanora was a supporter of the Counter-Reformation.





577) Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Ferrara

Margherita Gonzaga d'Este, Duchess of Ferrara (1564 – 1618). Italian noblewoman, the daughter of William I, Duke of Mantua (Guglielmo Gonzaga) and Eleonora of Austria, and the sister of Vincent I, Duke of Mantua and Anna Caterina Gonzaga. She was the wife of Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara and Modena, whom she married in February 1579. This was the duke's third marriage, and it was hoped that she would produce a male heir. She did not, which partially led to the city of Ferrara's acquisition by the Papal States.

- "Duchess, Margherita Gonzaga, Vincenzo's beloved sister his accomplice, companion and champion in all things, whose hair was more red than fair and who was not so much high spirited as fiery-tempered." https://archive.org/…/pr…/princeofmantuath010858mbp_djvu.txt




576) Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua

Vincenzo Ι Gonzaga (1562 – 1612). Ruler of the Duchy of Mantua and the Duchy of Montferrat from 1587 to 1612. He was the only son of Guglielmo X Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, and Archduchess Eleanor of Austria. His maternal grandparents were Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary.

 His second wife was his first cousin Eleonora de' Medici, the daughter of Francesco I de' Medici and Joanna of Austria.

- "From the start it was clear that this blue-eyed, red-haired infant with attractive facial features and an exquisite bone structure was surprisingly healthy." https://books.google.it/books…


575) Harley Granville-Barker

Harley Granville-Barker (1877 – 1946). English actor, director, playwright, manager, critic, and theorist. After early success as an actor in the plays of George Bernard Shaw [he was rumoured to be Shaw's son] he increasingly turned to directing and was a major figure in British theatre in the Edwardian and inter-war periods. As a writer his plays, which tackled difficult and controversial subject matter, met with a mixed reception during his lifetime but have continued to receive attention.

- "“Shaw was vivacious and exhilarating, tall and lean, with a white face, pale blue eyes, reddish hair and a straggling beard. Barker, too, had reddish hair, not so red as Shaw’s, nor was he so tall as Shaw, but very thin, with dark eyes and irrepressible vitalityhttps://ttu-ir.tdl.org/…/584…/STPETER-DISSERTATION-2013.pdf…

- "As one of the dwindling band who served with Granville Barker in those far-off Court Theatre days my remembrance of him is one of vital sensitive youth and energy, a lithe, athletic figure, warm brown eyes, thick red-brown hair, tidily parted till he pushed his fingers through it..." https://www.questia.com/…/harley-granville-barker-man-of-th…

- "Barker was then almost thirty. And one last point: both men had red hair - though of different shades of red, apparently." https://books.google.it/books…

- "... and Granville-Barker sent for Isabel. She adored the tall, thin, red-headed producer." https://books.google.it/books…



Friday, 17 August 2018

574) Mabel Beardsley

Mabel Beardsley (1871 – 1916). English Victorian actress, and elder sister of the famous illustrator, Aubrey Beardsley, who according to her brother's biographer, "achieved mild notoriety for her exotic and flamboyant appearance".

- "They were sent away by a servant, but as they left, Burne-Jones spotted Mabel's red hair and asked them in." http://www.victorianweb.org/…/illustrat…/beardsley/bio1.html



573) Aubrey Beardsley

Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (1872 – 1898). English illustrator and author. His drawings in black ink, influenced by the style of Japanese woodcuts, emphasized the grotesque, the decadent, and the erotic. He was a leading figure in the Aesthetic movement which also included Oscar Wilde and James A. McNeill Whistler. Beardsley's contribution to the development of the Art Nouveau and poster styles was significant, despite the brevity of his career before his early death from tuberculosis.
Sister of actress Mabel Beardsley

- "He described himself as having “a vile constitution, a sallow face and sunken eyes, long red hair, a shuffling gait and a stoop.” https://www.nytimes.com/…/aubrey-beardsley-racing-creativel…

- "He let his reddish hair fall in a fringe so that he looked half like a boy..." http://spartacus-educational.com/ARTbeardsley.htm


572) David M. Ogilvy

David Mackenzie Ogilvy CBE (1911 – 1999). Advertising tycoon, founder of Ogilvy & Mather and known as the father of advertising. Trained at the Gallup research organisation, he attributed the success of his campaigns to meticulous research into consumer habits.

- "Physically he was striking - tall and red-haired - and he dressed stylishly and smoked a pipe." https://books.google.it/books…

- "He was strikingly handsome. When he arrived in the U.S., the writer Ruth Gordon described him as “the tall young man with the flaming red hair”. Rosser Reeves said, “In those days, David looked just like Lord Byron." http://www.gandalf.it/m/ogilvy2.htm



571) Thomas P. Ochiltree

Thomas Peck Ochiltree (1837 – 1902). U.S. Representative from Texas.

- "A big, wide, bluff man with flaming red hair, piercing eyes and a drooping walrus mustache, Ochiltree had by this time added a nickname, The Red-Headed Ranger from Texas, that would remain with him for the rest of his life." https://books.google.it/books…

- "... a lively, red-headed young man named Tom Ochiltree." https://www.frontiertimesmagazine.com/…/vol-05-no-07-april-…


570) John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer

John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer, KG, PC (1835 – 1910), known as Viscount Althorp from 1845 to 1857. British Liberal Party politician under, and close friend of, British prime minister William Ewart Gladstone. He was twice Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

- "... also known as the Red Earl because of his distinctive long red beard." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Spencer,_5th_Earl_Spencer





569) Cheristine Keeler

Christine Margaret Keeler (1942 – 2017). English model and topless showgirl. Her meeting at a dance-club with society osteopath Stephen Ward drew her into fashionable circles. At the height of the Cold War, she became sexually involved with a married government minister, John Profumo, as well as with a Soviet diplomat. A shooting incident between two of her other lovers caused the press to investigate her, revealing that her affairs could be threatening national security. In the House of Commons, Profumo denied any improper conduct but later admitted that he had lied. This incident discredited the Conservative government of Harold Macmillan in 1963 in what became known as the Profumo affair. Keeler was alleged to have been a prostitute and although this was not a criminal offence in itself, Ward was found guilty at trial of being her pimp – a trial only instigated after the embarrassment caused to the government.

- "Because of Christine Keeler, the red-haired, high-priced call girl lounging in the warm sunshine at right..." https://books.google.it/books…

- "Profumo's undoing began when he attended a country estate week-end and met tall, leggy, good-looking, red-haired Christine Keeler, aged 19." https://books.google.it/books…

- "It was at a party at the home of newspaper magnate Lord Astor that Mr. Profumo met the red-haired Keeler, who was swimming naked in the pool at the time." https://www.washingtonpost.com/…/879e1a6d-69e8-49df-aad1-…/…

- "Christine Keeler was stunning, leggy and red-headed and was soon moving in Mayfair’s smartest but not necessarily the most savoury circles." https://www.irishexaminer.com/…/a-very-british-scandal-the-…



568) Diana Churchill

Diana Spencer-Churchill (1909 –1963) Eldest daughter of British statesman Sir Winston Churchill and Clementine Hozier. Sister of Marigold and Sarah. Wife of Edwin Duncan Sandys.

- "Diana Churchill, red-haired, garrulous from nervousness and eagerness to please..." https://books.google.it/books…

- "Her hair was reddish like her father's, which amused him." https://books.google.it/books…

- "The other Diana, ‘like a fairy’ with her puny frame, pale complexion and red hair, was a haphazard substitute for his original love interest." https://themitfordsociety.wordpress.com/tag/diana-churchill/


567) Marigold Churchill

Marigold Frances Churchill (1918 - 1921). Fourth child of Winston and Clementine Churchill. Sister of Diana and Sarah.

- "Like her sister Sarah, she had red hair." https://books.google.it/books…

 - "A mother's anguish when red-haired baby Marigold died with her mother and father at her bedside." http://www.kowessex.co.uk/chedda…/reviews/review20121113.php


566) William George "Bay" Middleton

Capt. William George "Bay" Middleton (1846 – 1892). British horseman of the 19th century. He was equerry to John Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer, who was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1869-1874 and 1882-1885.
He had an 18-month affair with Lady (Henrietta) Blanche Ogilvy, while she was married to Colonel Henry Hozier. She confided in a letter (made public in August 2002 by her granddaughter, Mary Soames) to another lover that Bay Middleton was the father of her daughter, Clementine Hozier, born 1 April 1885, who was eventually to marry Sir Winston Churchill.

- "His nickname "Bay" was either a reference to his reddish-brown hair, or derived from the name of the winner of The Derby winner in 1836." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_%22Bay%22_Middleton

- "Captain Middleton was red-haired and had hazel eyes." https://books.google.it/books…


565) Clementine Churchill

Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill, GBE (née Hozier; 1885 – 1977). Wife of Winston Churchill and mother of Diana, Marigold and Sarah Churchill.

We found only one reference to her having red hair. In this book, the photo below is captioned "The Liberal-minded. red-headed Clementine Hozier in 1915 after she married Winston Churchill."




Thursday, 16 August 2018

564) Jessie White Mario

Jessie White Mario (1832 – 1906). English (and naturalized Italian) writer and philanthropist. She is sometimes referred to as "Hurricane Jessie" in the Italian press.
She was a nurse to General Giuseppe Garibaldi's soldiers in four wars; she researched living conditions in subterranean Naples and working conditions in Sicily’s sulphur mines. She wrote copiously (in English and Italian) as both a journalist and a biographer. Litta Visconti Arese in his introduction to The Birth of Modern Italy, says Jessie was the first woman journalist in England.
Her most famous biography was about Giuseppe Garibaldi.

- "She had very red hair, an extremely animated face, and a peculiarly excitable manner." http://www.florin.ms/laurel.html




563) Helen Gloag

Helen Gloag (1750–1790), of Muthill, Perthshire, Scotland, became the Empress of Morocco.

- "Due to her beauty, red hair, and green eyes, the Sultan added her to his harem. His infatuation toward her resulted in her becoming his fourth wife and eventually 'principal' or favourite wife, and later being given the title of Empress." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helen_Gloag

- "Helen was a striking woman of considerable beauty with red hair and green eyes and it seems the Sultan was very taken with this new addition to his harem." https://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/us…/g/helengloag.html

- "Captured by pirates while trying to emigrate to America, sold at a North African slave market and then wed to the Sultan of Morocco after he became smitten with her red hair and green eyes, the story of Perthshire teenager Helen Gloag is fantastical stuff." https://www.scotsman.com/…/the-perthshire-country-girl-who-…

562) Ronald Fisher

Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher FRS (1890 – 1962). British statistician and geneticist. For his work in statistics, he has been described as "a genius who almost single-handedly created the foundations for modern statistical science" and "the single most important figure in 20th century statistics". In genetics, his work used mathematics to combine Mendelian genetics and natural selection; this contributed to the revival of Darwinism in the early 20th century revision of the theory of evolution known as the modern synthesis. Fisher also did experimental agricultural research, which has saved millions from starvation.

- "... and to see a stranger there, a smallish man with red hair, a rather fierce, pointed red beard, and a very white face." https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1456759/

- "A small messy man with red hair, a beard and glasses boasting near inch-thick lenses, Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (1890–1962), statistician and geneticist, was born on February 17 at his parents’ home in East Finchley." http://www.hamhigh.co.uk/…/heritage-the-hampstead-years-of-…


561) George G. Simpson

George Gaylord Simpson (1902 – 1984). US paleontologist. He was perhaps the most influential paleontologist of the twentieth century, and a major participant in the modern synthesis, contributing Tempo and Mode in Evolution (1944), The Meaning of Evolution (1949) and The Major Features of Evolution (1953). He was an expert on extinct mammals and their intercontinental migrations. He anticipated such concepts as punctuated equilibrium (in Tempo and Mode) and dispelled the myth that the evolution of the horse was a linear process culminating in the modern Equus caballus. He coined the word hypodigm in 1940, and published extensively on the taxonomy of fossil and extant mammals. Simpson was influentially, and incorrectly, opposed to Alfred Wegener's theory of continental drift.
He was Professor of Zoology at Columbia University, and Curator of the Department of Geology and Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History from 1945 to 1959. He was Curator of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University from 1959 to 1970, and a Professor of Geosciences at the University of Arizona until his retirement in 1982.


- "We have some swell fossils and a notebooks full of pretty colored geologic profileswhich I will publish someday and set on the parlor table so I can stroke my long red beard and say..." https://books.google.it/books…

- "A persnickety, frail little man with ginger hair that left his head early and lips that thinned as he aged..." https://www.stlmag.com/…/how-did-hundreds-of-peccaries-get…/

- "Looking back as an adult, Simpson felt that certain of his boyhood characteristics—his intelligence, shortness of stature, red hair, and visual impairment that limited ball playing— combined to foster antagonism from his peers." https://www.encyclopedia.com/…/paleo…/george-gaylord-simpson


560) Eglantyne Jebb

Eglantyne Jebb, (1876 – 1928). British social reformer and founder of the Save the Children organization.

- "What this and other photographs at the time do not show is the colour of her hair – accounts from the time describing her as having ginger/flame-coloured hair." https://lostcambridge.wordpress.com/…/17-december-church-o…/

- "I found myself not only sleeping in her room, but sitting at her typewriter, eating from her plates, and even holding a curl of her still bright red baby-hair." https://clairesaxby.wordpress.com/category/eglantyne-jebb/

- "One described her as “dressed in green, with golden-red curly hair and a complexion seldom found outside a novel.https://blog.catherinepope.co.uk/the-woman-who-saved-the-c…/



Wednesday, 15 August 2018

559) Lotta Crabtree

Lotta Crabtree (1847 – 1924). American actress and entertainer.
Born Charlotte Mignon Crabtree in New York City to English parents and raised in the gold mining hills outside San Francisco (where she first rose to fame), Lotta Crabtree would go on to become one of the wealthiest and most beloved American entertainers of the late 19th century.

- "Tiny, red-haired, six-year-old Lotta danced and sang for the local miners, while they showered her with gold nuggets and coins." http://www.womenhistoryblog.com/2013/12/lotta-crabtree.html

- "It was small Lotta Crabtree with her red hair, merry black eyes, and irrepressible laugh, of the number running in and out, who claimed her special interest." http://www.standingstones.com/crabtree.html

- "It was there that she taught a tiny red-haired neighbor girl to dance. Little Lotta Crabtree would grow up to be the most acclaimed and beloved performer in San Francisco history, eventually becoming the darling of the entire country -- a genuine Gilded Age superstar." http://sfist.com/…/…/today_in_san_francisco_history_-_pa.php