Wednesday, 30 December 2020

1347) Saint Dominic

Saint Dominic, also known as Dominic of Osma and Dominic of Caleruega, often called Dominic de Guzmán and Domingo Félix de Guzmán (1170 – 1221). Castilian Catholic priest and founder of the Dominican Order. Dominic is the patron saint of astronomers.

In 1215, Dominic established himself, with six followers, in a house given by Peter Seila, a rich resident of Toulouse. Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the spiritual needs of the growing cities of the era, one that would combine dedication and systematic education, with more organizational flexibility than either monastic orders or the secular clergy. He subjected himself and his companions to the monastic rules of prayer and penance; and meanwhile Bishop Foulques gave them written authority to preach throughout the territory of Toulouse.
Also in 1215, the year of the Fourth Lateran Council, Dominic and Foulques went to Rome to secure the approval of the Pope, Innocent III. Dominic returned to Rome a year later, and was finally granted written authority in December 1216 and January 1217 by the new pope, Honorius III for him to form the Ordo Praedicatorum ("Order of Preachers").
The spread of the Rosary, a Marian devotion, is attributed to the preaching of Dominic. For centuries the Rosary has been at the heart of the Dominican Order. Pope Pius XI stated, "The Rosary of Mary is the principle and foundation on which the very Order of Saint Dominic rests for making perfect the life of its members and obtaining the salvation of others." For centuries, Dominicans have been instrumental in spreading the Rosary and emphasizing the Catholic belief in The Power of the Rosary.
 
- "He had reddish hair and beard and beautiful eyes ..." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Dominic
 

 

1346) Pietro Carnesecchi

Pietro Carnesecchi (1508 – 1567). Italian humanist.

Born in Florence, he came into touch with the new learning at the house of his maternal uncle, Cardinal Bernardo Dovizi, in Rome. At the age of twenty-five he held several rich livings, had been notary and protonotary to the Curia and was first secretary to the pope.
By his conduct at the conference with Francis I of France at Marseille he won the favour of Catherine de' Medici and other influential personages at the French court, who in later days befriended him. He made the acquaintance of the Spanish reformer Juan de Valdés at Rome, and got to know him as a theologian at Naples. Under Valdés' influence he wholeheartedly accepted Luther's doctrine of justification by faith, though he repudiated a policy of schism.
When the movement of suppression began, Carnesecchi was implicated. In 1557 he was cited (for the second time) before the tribunal in Rome, but refused to appear. The death of Pope Paul IV and the accession of Pope Pius IV in 1559 made his position easier, and he came to live in Rome. With the accession of Pope Pius V in 1566 the Inquisition renewed its activities with fiercer zeal than ever.
Carnesecchi was in Venice when the news reached him, and betook himself to Florence, where, thinking himself safe, he was betrayed by Duke Cosimo I de' Medici, who wished to curry favour with the pope. From July 1566 he lay in prison over a year. On 21 September 1567 a sentence of degradation and death was passed on him and sixteen others, ambassadors from Florence vainly kneeling to the pope for some mitigation, and on 1 October he was publicly beheaded and then burned.

 Only portraiture for now.

 



 

Monday, 28 December 2020

1345) Stefano Amato

Stefano Amato (1957 - 2005). Italian actor.

While in high school, he was noticed by one of his teachers, the wife of film director Salvatore Sampieri. He had two characteristics that made him suitable for the light comedies of that period: red hair and a chubby physique.
At the end of the 70s he retired from acting.
 
- "... i capelli rossi e la corporatura grassoccia." (Red hair and a chubby physique) https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefano_Amato
 

 

Saturday, 26 December 2020

1344) Virginia Bourbon del Monte

Donna Virginia Bourbon del Monte dei principi di San Faustino (1899 – 1945). Wife of Edoardo Agnelli and the mother of Gianni Agnelli (principal shareholder of FIAT).

She was the daughter of Carlo Bourbon del Monte, Prince di San Faustino (1867–1917), a descendant of an ancient Tuscan-Umbrian family. Her mother was the American Jane Allen Campbell (1865–1938).
Virginia married Edoardo Agnelli, the son of Senator and Fiat co-founder Giovanni Agnelli, on 5 June 1919. She became a widow on 14 July 1935, as Edoardo died in a plane crash in the seadrome of Genoa.
A few months after the death of her husband, Virginia engaged in an intimate relationship with the journalist and writer Curzio Malaparte. Their wedding ceremony—originally scheduled for October 1936—didn't take place due to the stubborn opposition of Virginia's father-in-law, Senator Giovanni Agnelli.
Meanwhile, Virginia had to face a tough confrontation with her father-in-law, who tried to claim parental authority over her seven children by all means after finding out that the two lovers were about to get married.
In deliberating on this issue, the Court of Turin pronounced a verdict against the mother. The dispute went on with several legal actions, until Virginia decided to move to Rome. Since there were better chances for her of being favoured by the judicial authorities of Rome, her father-in-law finally gave his consent to negotiate a compromise agreement by the end of 1937. Its most important aspect was the granting of child custody to Virginia.
She was arrested in Rome on 8 September 1943, since she was the daughter of a U.S. citizen, a country at that time at war against Germany, and confined in a villa on the Caelian Hill, from which she was then able to escape.
Virginia perished in a car accident near Pisa in the late afternoon of 30 November 1945, after the car in which she was traveling was hit head-on by a heavy truck of the U.S. Army. 
 
- "Era bellissima Virginia, donna anticonformista, dai capelli rossi e sempre senza cappello..." (Virginia was a beautiful, nonconformist woman, with red hair and always without a hat). https://www.liberaeva.com/.../interviste/virginiaagnelli.htm
 
- "Era una bella ragazza, alta con le gambe slanciate e lunghissimi capelli ricci e rossi." (She was a beautiful girl, tall, with slender legs and very long hair, curly and red.) http://elisabettavillaggio.altervista.org/virginia-agnelli/
 
 - "Era una creatura dal magnifico portamento e dai meravigliosi capelli ricci e rossi." (She was a creature with a magnificent bearing and wonderful red and curly hair). https://books.google.it/books?id=At7bCgAAQBAJ&pg=PT72...
 
 


 

1343) Queen Tiye

Tiye (c. 1398 BC – 1338 BC, also spelled Tye, Taia, Tiy and Tiyi). Daughter of Yuya and Tjuyu. She became the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III. She was the mother of Akhenaten and grandmother of Tutankhamun. In 2010, DNA analysis confirmed her as the mummy known as "The Elder Lady" found in the tomb of Amenhotep II (KV35) in 1898.

- "Boasting long reddish hair falling across her shoulders, the mummy was identified in February 2010 by DNA testing as Queen Tiye..." https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:GcNxa0Q3h4QJ:https://www.nbcnews.com/id/wbna42215810+&cd=15&hl=it&ct=clnk&gl=it
 
- "... Tutankhamun took a lock of her auburn hair to his grave." https://books.google.it/books?id=yxVNO_oFmWUC&pg=PA74...
 
- "... and a lock of her auburn hair, enclosed in a small coffin, was found in Tutankhamun's tomb." https://it.findagrave.com/memorial/7718982/queen_tiye
 


 

Friday, 25 December 2020

1342) Enzo Cerusico

Enzo Cerusico (1937 – 1991). Italian film actor. He appeared in 55 films between 1951 and 1984.
Cerusico's first role on American television was in a 1966 episode of I Spy filmed in Rome. Producer Sheldon Leonard held a casting call for an English-speaking actor to play the kid brother of the female Italian guest star. Cerusico spoke no English but with a friend's help he memorized one line — "I studied English in the school since four years" — and managed to bluff his way into an interview with Leonard.
Leonard realized Cerusico wasn't fluent in English but he thought the young man possessed "Jean Paul Belmondo's jaunty virility and the swaggering charm of Maurice Chevalier." Leonard chose Cerusico for the I Spy guest role and Cerusico learned his lines phonetically and delivered them by rote.
Cerusico later played the title character in My Friend Tony, an hour-long crime drama that aired on NBC in 1969.
 
- "Rosso di capelli, privo di complessi, ottimista, per niente canterino..." (Red-haired, complex-free, optimistic, no singing at all).
 


 

 

1341) Joe Sentieri

Joe Sentieri (byname of Rino Luigi Sentieri; 1925 - 2007). Italian singer and actor.

His first success was the winning of the competition "Canzonissima" in 1959 with his version of the number one hit "Piove (Ciao, ciao bambina)" by Domenico Modugno. In the same year he reached number two and number five in the Italian charts with "Ritroviamoci" and "Milioni di scintille". In 1960 he won the third place with "Quando vien la sera" at the Sanremo Festival. This song was number two in the Italian charts. Another top ten success was "È mezzanotte", which reached number eight.
Perhaps his internationally best known song is "Uno dei tanti". The song written by Carlo Donida and Giulio Rapetti was released in 1961. In 1963 Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller translated the text into English and released this song under the title "I (Who Have Nothing)". It became one of their greatest hits and was covered more than thirty times, e.g. by Tom Jones, Gladys Knight, Manfred Mann's Earth Band, Ben E. King, Sylvester James, Luther Vandross and Shirley Bassey.
 
- "... in America lo chiamano, per il colore dei suoi capelli, “l’angelo rosso”..." (in America he is called "the red-haired angel", because of the colour of his hair). https://massimoemanuelli.com/2018/04/26/joe-sentieri/
 
- "... la vecchiaia aveva risparmiato la sua vivacità, l'estroversione contagiosa, perfino il viso roseo e giovane sotto i capelli ieri rossicci ma ormai bianchissimi." (old age had spared his vivacity, his infectious extroversion, even his rosy and young face under his hair, yesterday red, but now white). https://www.ilgiornale.it/.../addio-re-degli-urlatori-che...
 
 

 

Thursday, 22 October 2020

1340) Kitty Kirkpatrick

 Katherine Aurora "Kitty" Kirkpatrick (1802 – 1889). British Anglo-Indian woman best known as a muse of the author Thomas Carlyle, and as an example of Eurasian children during the early years of British colonialism in India.
Her father, James Achilles Kirkpatrick, was the British Resident in Hyderabad and a colonel in the British East India Company's army. Her mother, Khair-un-Nissa, was a Hyderabadi noblewoman and a Sayyida, a lineal descendant of the Muslim prophet Muhammad, whose grandfather was the prime minister of Hyderabad.
In 1805, Kitty and her brother William were sent to live in England at age three and five years, respectively, with their paternal grandfather, Colonel James Kirkpatrick.
In 1822 she met the Scottish philosopher and historian Thomas Carlyle, who swiftly became infatuated with Kirkpatrick. However, Carlyle was impoverished and not believed by the rest of the family to be a suitable match for the wealthy and well-connected Kitty. Carlyle would later use Kitty as the basis for the Calypso-like Blumine in his novel Sartor Resartus.
On 21 November 1829, Kitty married James Winslowe Phillipps (1802-1859), an army officer in the 7th Hussars Regiment, and a member of the Kennaway family, which also had Indian connections. It was evidently a happy marriage, Kirkpatrick and Phillipps went on to have seven children, of whom four survived to adulthood.

 

- "... a strangely complexioned young lady, with soft brown eyes and floods of bronze-red hair, really a pretty-looking, smiling, and amiable though most foreign bit of magnificence and kindly splendour. — Thomas Carlyle, Reminiscences" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitty_Kirkpatrick

- "... and below her ‘topi’ is a hint of the red hair that would be much admired in the years to come." https://www.pakistanlink.org//Opinion/2006/Jan06/13/03.HTM

 


Portrait of Kitty and her brother William, by George Chinnery

 

 

 

Sunday, 27 September 2020

1339) Lady Sybil Grant

Lady Sybil Myra Caroline Grant (née Primrose; 1879 – 1955). British writer and artist. She was the eldest child of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery and his wife Hannah de Rothschild (granddaughter of Nathan Meyer von Rothschild).

- "Lees-Milne satirically caricatured the connection between Lady Sybil’s red hair and her abode, noting her ‘orange bonnet, draped with an orange scarf… orange hair’..."  https://attinghamparkmansion.wordpress.com/…/lady-sybil-gr…/





Tuesday, 1 September 2020

1338) Olga Rudge

Olga Rudge (1895 – 1996). American-born concert violinist, now mainly remembered as the long-time mistress of the poet Ezra Pound, by whom she had a daughter, Mary.
A gifted concert violinist of international repute, her considerable talents and reputation were eventually eclipsed by those of her lover, in whose shade she appeared content to remain. In return, Pound was more loyal, not to say faithful, to her than to any of his many other mistresses. He dedicated the final stanza of his epic The Cantos to her, in homage and gratitude for her courageous and loyal support of Pound during his 13-year incarceration in a mental hospital after having been indicted for treasonous activities against the United States and in support of Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime. She also defended Pound against the accusation that he was anti-Semitic. During the last 11 years of Pound's life, Rudge was his devoted companion, secretary, and nurse, as he sank into eccentricity and prolonged silences.

- "In his dry acidulous manner, Montale replied "Sporco" and then launched into a long story about the American poet's "red-haired mistress"... https://www.independent.co.uk/…/obituary-olga-rudge-5622850…

- Line from a poem written by Pound to Olga: "... her red head a flask of perfume." https://publicism.info/biography/ezra_pound/21.html








Wednesday, 8 July 2020

1337) Larry Fine

Louis Feinberg (1902 – 1975), known professionally as Larry Fine. American actor, comedian, violinist, and boxer, who is best known as a member of the comedy act the Three Stooges, along with Moe, Shemp and Curly Howard.

- "While it’s hard enough getting through life as a Jew, he was also a ginger.https://jewfros.wordpress.com/…/larry-fine-half-a-ginger-j…/

-" The Howard brothers, those two masters of mayhem, who teamed with brother Moe and red-headed Larry Fine..."  https://www.latimes.com/…/la-xpm-1992-11-22-vw-2429-story.h…

- "Fine was easily recognized in the Stooge features by his hairdo, bald on top with much thick, bushy, curly red hair around the sides and back; Moe called him "Porcupine".  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Fine



1336) Curly Howard

Jerome Lester Horwitz (1903 – 1952), known professionally as Curly Howard. American vaudevillian actor and comedian. He was best known as a member of the American farce comedy team the Three Stooges, which also featured his elder brothers Moe and Shemp Howard and actor Larry Fine. Curly Howard was generally considered the most popular and recognizable of the Stooges. He was well known for his high-pitched voice and vocal expressions ("nyuk-nyuk-nyuk!", "woob-woob-woob!", "soitenly!" [certainly], and barking like a dog), as well as his physical comedy (e.g., falling on the ground and pivoting on his shoulder as he "walked" in circular motion), improvisations, and athleticism.
Howard was forced to leave the Three Stooges act in May 1946 when a massive stroke ended his show-business career. He suffered through serious health problems and several more strokes until his death in 1952 at age 48.


- "His condition, however, was that the newest Stooge shave off his thick red hair and handlebar mustache, which inspired his stage name, and thus the rotund Curly appears in all the trio's productions with a shaved head or his hair closely cropped."  https://translate.google.it/translate…

- "However, Healy felt that Curly, with his thick, chestnut-red hair and elegant waxed mustache, did not look like a funny character."  https://stooges.fandom.com/wiki/Curly_Howard

 - "Jerome, who went by Jerry, had brownish-red hair and a handlebar mustache, and Healy didn't think people would laugh at him.https://www.grunge.com/…/the-tragic-real-life-story-of-the…/

- "Healy took one look at Jerry, who had long red locks and facial hair, and decided he did not have the look that Moe and Larry had.https://pabook.libraries.psu.edu/literary-cul…/…/Fine__Larry


Monday, 6 July 2020

1335) Willis H. O'Brien

Willis Harold O'Brien (1886 – 1962). American motion picture special effects and stop-motion animation pioneer, who according to ASIFA-Hollywood "was responsible for some of the best-known images in cinema history," and is best remembered for his work on The Lost World (1925), King Kong (1933) and Mighty Joe Young (1949), for which he won the 1950 Academy Award for Best Visual Effects.

- "The young Willis, red-haired and blue-eyed, the fourth of six children..."  https://books.google.it/books…



1334) Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford

Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, (1753 – 1814). American-born British physicist and inventor, whose challenges to established physical theory were part of the 19th-century revolution in thermodynamics. He served as lieutenant-colonel of the King's American Dragoons, part of the British Loyalist forces, during the American Revolutionary War. After the end of the war he moved to London, where his administrative talents were recognized when he was appointed a full colonel, and in 1784 he received a knighthood from King George III. A prolific designer, Thompson also drew designs for warships. He later moved to Bavaria and entered government service there, being appointed Bavarian Army Minister and re-organizing the army, and, in 1791, was made a Count of the Holy Roman Empire.

Thompson was an active and prolific inventor, developing improvements for chimneys, fireplaces and industrial furnaces, as well as inventing the double boiler, a kitchen range, and a drip coffeepot. He invented a percolating coffee pot following his pioneering work with the Bavarian Army, where he improved the diet of the soldiers as well as their clothes.
The Rumford fireplace created a sensation in London when he introduced the idea of restricting the chimney opening to increase the updraught, which was a much more efficient way to heat a room than earlier fireplaces. He and his workers modified fireplaces by inserting bricks into the hearth to make the side walls angled, and added a choke to the chimney to increase the speed of air going up the flue. The effect was to produce a streamlined air flow, so all the smoke would go up into the chimney rather than lingering, entering the room, and often choking the residents. It also had the effect of increasing the efficiency of the fire, and gave extra control of the rate of combustion of the fuel, whether wood or coal. Many fashionable London houses were modified to his instructions, and became smoke-free.
Thompson became a celebrity when news of his success spread. His work was also very profitable, and much imitated when he published his analysis of the way chimneys worked. In many ways, he was similar to Benjamin Franklin, who also invented a new kind of heating stove.
The retention of heat was a recurring theme in his work, as he is also credited with the invention of thermal underwear.

In 1804, he married Marie-Anne Lavoisier, the widow of the great French chemist Antoine Lavoisier.

- "A handsome, red-headed, pearly toothed individual..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "The child has a striking similarity to Benjamin Thompson - red hair, blue eyes, and crested eyebrows."  https://books.google.it/books…



Saturday, 4 July 2020

1333) Samuel Hamilton Walker

Samuel Hamilton Walker (1817 – 1847). American army officer. He served as Texas Ranger captain and officer of the Republic of Texas and the United States armies. Walker served in several armed conflicts, including the American Indian Wars and the Mexican-American wars.
Walker is best known as the co-inventor of the famous Walker Colt revolver, along with arms manufacturer Samuel Colt. Walker is said to have self-funded a trip to New York City to meet with Colt and proposed to him the concept of a weapon based on the then-popular five-shot Colt Paterson revolver, with many enhancements such as adding a sixth round, being powerful enough to kill either a man or a horse with a single shot and quicker to reload.
Colt asked Walker to help him with the design and used his prototype and Walker's improvements to create a new design. Blake produced the first thousand-piece order, known as the Colt Walker. The company then received an order for an additional one thousand more. Colt's share of the profits was $10.
By 1847, the new revolver was available. The United States Army's mounted rifle companies were issued them, and they proved extremely effective.


- "He was slightly built, and beardless, with sandy reddish hair and an easygoing demeanor."  https://www.texasmonthly.com/…/two-sams-and-their-six-shoo…/

- "Born on February 24, 1817, in Toaping Castle, the red-headed, blue-eyed Walker lived only thirty-two years.https://books.google.it/books…



Wednesday, 1 July 2020

1332) John Logie Baird

John Logie Baird (1888 – 1946). Scottish engineer, innovator, one of the inventors of the mechanical television, demonstrating the first working television system on 26 January 1926, and inventor of both the first publicly demonstrated colour television system, and the first purely electronic colour television picture tube.
In 1928 the Baird Television Development Company achieved the first transatlantic television transmission. Baird's early technological successes and his role in the practical introduction of broadcast television for home entertainment have earned him a prominent place in television's history.

- "... and peering intensely at curious onlookers through wire rim glasses framed by a shock of floppy red hair.https://books.google.it/books…



Wednesday, 17 June 2020

1331) Michel Leiris

Julien Michel Leiris (1901 – 1990). French surrealist writer and ethnographer.
In 1961, Leiris was made head of research in ethnography at the C.N.R.S. (Centre national de la recherche scientifique) and published numerous critical texts on artists he admired, including Francis Bacon, a close friend for whom he had modeled. Considered a leading figure in 20th century French literature, Michel Leiris left a considerable number of works, as diverse as they are numerous: autobiographical works, art criticism, music criticism and scientific contributions.
With Jean Jamin, Leiris founded Gradhiva, a journal of anthropology in 1986. The journal is now the journal of anthropology and museology of the Musée du quai Branly (Paris, France).
Leiris was also a talented poet, and poetry was important in his approach to the world. 


- "I have my auburn hair cut short to keep it from curling..."  https://books.google.it/books…



1330) James "Red" Duke

James Henry "Red" Duke, Jr. (1928 – 2015). American trauma surgeon and professor at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center, where he worked on-site since 1972. He was instrumental in introducing Memorial Hermann's Life Flight program and bringing a level I trauma center to Houston. Outside Texas, he is probably most famous for the nationally syndicated television spot called Texas Health Reports or Dr. Red Duke's Health Reports, which aired on local television stations in the United States for fifteen years.
Duke was a fourth-year surgery resident at Parkland Hospital the day President John F. Kennedy and Texas Gov. Connally were shot and rushed to that hospital. Upon their arrival, Duke says, "It didn't take long to appreciate the gravity of the situation." When asked what can you do for him, he said, "I can't do much for a dead man." He is credited with saving the life of Gov. Connolly.
Duke was a founding member of the American Trauma Society and was an Advanced Trauma Life Support instructor for the American College of Surgeons. He was named Surgeon of the Year by the James F. Mitchell Foundation in 1988. Duke's efforts to educate the public in health issues and tireless work as a crusader against trauma brought him into serious consideration for the position of Surgeon General of the United States in 1989.


- "In short order the growing child would develop a headful of bushy red hair and he would forever be known as Red, Red Duke."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "He grew up in Hillsboro and was given the nickname “Red” for his curly red hair."  https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search…

- "There he acquired his nickname, “Red,” for his curly red locks."  http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search…

- "During his childhood, he earned the nickname “Red” because of his curly reddish hair..."  https://www.tmc.edu/…/uthealth-art-wall-remembers-dr-james…/



1329) William Kirkpatrick Magee

William Kirkpatrick Magee (1868 – 1961). Irish author, editor and librarian, who as an essayist and poet adopted the pen-name of John Eglinton. He became head librarian of the National Library of Ireland, after opposing the "cultural nationalism" of his time. From 1904 to 1905 he edited the literary journal Dana and was the biographer of George William Russell.

- "... John Eglinton, with his 'rufous' hair..."  https://books.google.it/books…
 
- "I noticed a thin, small man with dark red hairgrowing stiffy over a small skull..."   https://books.google.it/books…



1328) Margaret Mitchell

Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (1900 – 1949). American novelist and journalist. Mitchell wrote only one novel, published during her lifetime, the American Civil War-era novel Gone with the Wind, for which she won the National Book Award for Most Distinguished Novel of 1936 and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1937. In recent years long after her death, a collection of Mitchell's girlhood writings and a novella she wrote as a teenager, titled Lost Laysen, have been published. 
Her first husband was Berrien "Red" Kinnard Upshaw

- "But his small, vivacious guide - with her bobbed auburn hair, wide sailor-blue eyes and a few bold freckles across the bridge of her impertinent nose - was of a sturdier stuff."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "She was a tiny woman, with auburn hair and the flawless, milky complexion she attributes to the heroine of her novel."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "Peggy, as she was known, was less than five feet tall, with auburn hair, blue eyes and a creamy white complexion."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "She was a strikingly attractive girl with reddish brown hair and brilliant blue eyes..."  https://books.google.it/books…



1327) Berrien "Red" Kinnard Upshaw

Berrien "Red" Kinnard Upshaw (1901 – 1949). First husband of novelist Margaret Mitchell.
In 1919 he was appointed to the United States Naval Academy, but resigned for academic deficiencies on January 5, 1920. He was readmitted in May, then 19 years old, and spent two months at sea before resigning a second time on September 1, 1920. Unsuccessful in his educational pursuits and with no job, in 1922 Upshaw earned money bootlegging alcohol out of the Georgia mountains.
Although her family disapproved, Mitchell and Red married on 1922; the best man at their wedding was John Marsh, who would become her second husband. The couple resided at the Mitchell home with her father. By December the marriage to Upshaw had dissolved and he left. Mitchell suffered physical and emotional abuse, the result of Upshaw's alcoholism and violent temper. Upshaw agreed to an uncontested divorce after John Marsh gave him a loan and Mitchell agreed not to press assault charges against him. Upshaw and Mitchell were divorced on 1924.

- "As his nickname suggests, his hair was a dark red."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "He was “broad-shouldered, six feet and two inches, had brick-red hair, green eyes, and a cleft chin”..."  https://zi.media/@beeigood/post/Kn2Tgj



1326) Marie-Blanche Vasnier

Marie-Blanche Vasnier (1848 - ?). French soprano. She was the wife of Henri Vasnier (1832 - 1907), a prominent civil servant. At the end of 1880 she met the composer Claude Debussy (1862 - 1918) and soon became his mistress as well as his muse. Whether Vasnier was content to tolerate his wife's affair with the young student or was simply unaware of it is not clear, but he and Debussy remained on excellent terms, and he continued to encourage the composer in his career.
Debussy was greatly taken with her, and she inspired him to compose: he wrote 27 songs dedicated to her during their seven-year relationship.
Marie Vasnier ended her liaison with Debussy soon after his final return from Rome, although they remained on good enough terms for him to dedicate to her one more song, "Mandoline", in 1890.


- "Such was the case with a beautiful redhead with green eyes, Marie Vasnier..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "... where he met Madame Marie-Blanche Vasnier, a high coloratura soprano with striking red hair and green eyes."  https://search.proquest.com/…/f3e3d20734f75019f1a75a84ed…/1…

- "But Marie Vasnier, a striking redhead with green eyes and a high, agile soprano voice, returned Debussy’s interest and they were lovers for some years..."  https://www.hyperion-records.co.uk/tw.asp…

 - "Her hair was red to brown and she sang with a lovely light voice to professional standard.https://www.rodoni.ch/OPERNHAUS/pelleas/Debussy2.pdf



1325) Renée Dahon

Renée Dahon (1893–1969). French actress.
Following an eight-year-long affair, in 1919 Dahon married playwright Maurice Maeterlinck. In 1940, Maeterlinck and Dahon were forced to flee their home in Paris with her parents due to the advance of the Germans. After the war, they were able to return to their home "Orlamonde" in Nice in 1947.
Renée Dahon was a popular actress in Paris. She became known at age 18 for her role as Tyltyl in The Blue Bird. Georgette Leblanc, Maurice Maeterlinck's then-partner, selected and coached her for the role. She also acted in several films.

- "His wife Renee, a beautiful red haired actress, stood next to Maurice, clutching the cage with their beloved blue birds.https://windowstoworldhistory.weebly.com/maurice-maeterlinc…




1324) Georgette Leblanc

Georgette Leblanc (1869 – 1941). French operatic soprano, actress, author, and sister of novelist Maurice Leblanc (creator of Arsène Lupin). She became particularly associated with the works of Jules Massenet and was an admired interpreter of the title role in Bizet's Carmen.
For many years Leblanc was the lover of Belgian playwright and writer Maurice Maeterlinck, and he wrote several parts for her within his stage plays. She portrayed the role of Ariane in Ariane et Barbe-bleue, both in the original 1899 stage play by Maeterlinck and in the 1907 opera adaptation by Paul Dukas. Leblanc also appeared in a couple of French films, most notably L'Inhumaine in 1924. In the last few decades of her life she turned to writing, producing two commercially successful autobiographies and several children's books and travelogues.

- "Her hair is wonderfully red, the mask of her face a peculiarly expressive one."  https://books.google.it/books…




Tuesday, 16 June 2020

1323) Édouard Dujardin

Édouard Dujardin (1861 – 1949). French writer, one of the early users of the stream of consciousness literary technique, exemplified by his 1888 novel Les Lauriers sont coupés.

- "A drooping lower lip and a great deal of frizzy red hair and beard were drawbacks which Dujardin had attempted to temper by being something of a dandy.https://books.google.it/books…



1322) Jacques Vaché

Jacques Pierre Vaché (1895 . 1919). French writer and founder of Surrealism.
In 1913, along with Eugène Hublet, Pierre Bissérié and Jean Bellemère, he published the only issue of the magazine «En route mauvaise troupe» and the four pamphlets of «Canard Sauvage».
During the First World War he was wounded near Brest, in France, and the following year he met André Breton in the hospital of Nantes. This meeting will be at the basis of the surrealist theory.
He died from an overdose of opium.

- "His red hair, his 'dead flame' eyes and the glacial butterfly of his monocle..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "... he was a cold, cynical bastard who made his own life into a myth, dressing very elegantly, with every hair in place—he had bright red hair—and doing anything he could think of to shock people in public."  https://artauddesnosthenovel.com/…/from-book-2-jacques-vac…/

- "One year older than I, he was a very elegant man with red hair..."  https://books.google.it/books…



1321) Margaret C. Anderson

Margaret Caroline Anderson (1886 – 1973). American founder, editor and publisher of the art and literary magazine The Little Review, which published a collection of modern American, English and Irish writers between 1914 and 1929. The periodical is most noted for introducing many prominent American and British writers of the 20th century, such as Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot in the United States, and publishing the first thirteen chapters of James Joyce's then-unpublished novel, Ulysses.
A large collection of her papers on Gurdjieff's teaching is now preserved at Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.

- "Margaret Anderson dyed her red hair blonde and also became a recluse..."  https://books.google.it/books…





1320) Mary Butts

Mary Francis Butts, (1890 – 1937) also Mary Rodker by marriage. English modernist writer. Her work found recognition in literary magazines such as The Bookman and The Little Review, as well as from fellow modernists, T. S. Eliot, H.D. and Bryher. After her death, her works fell into obscurity until they began to be republished in the 1980s.
She graduated from the London School of Economics in 1914 and later she became a student of the occultist Aleister Crowley. She and other students worked with Crowley on his Magick (Book 4) (1912) and were given co-authorship credit.
In mid-1921 she spent about twelve weeks at Aleister Crowley's Abbey of Thelema in Sicily; she found the practices there shocking, and came away with a drug habit. In 1922 and 1923 she spent periods near Tyneham, Dorset, and her novels of the 1920s make much of the Dorset landscape. In 1923 her book of stories, Speed the Plough and other stories was published; which was followed in 1925 by her first novel, Ashe of Rings, an anti-war novel with supernatural elements.
Butts was an ardent advocate of nature conservation, and attacked the pollution of the English countryside in her pamphlets Warning To Hikers and Traps For Unbelievers.


- "With her pale skin and red hair (which Butts called scarlet) she then pursued a wildly bohemian life..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "The English writer Mary Butts, a devoted opium smoker with tangled red hair..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "Mary was a tall, lovely and outgoing woman with carrot-red hair..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "Aleister Crowley described her as a 'large, red-haired maggot' (or words to that effect)".  https://books.google.it/books…

- "Harold Acton’s Memoirs of an Aesthete (1948) details ‘the fringe of the Montparnasse bars’ where ‘a few talented story-tellers’ were ‘running to seed, like poor, generous red-haired Mary Butts’."  https://popocculture.stir.ac.uk/2016/08/10/andrewradford/


Portrait by Cedric Morris


1319) Robert Fulton Logan

Robert Fulton Logan (1889-1959). Canadian painter, illustrator and specialist in copper etchings.
After the First World War, Logan accepted the position of director at the Bellevue Art Training Center, in Paris, and also taught classes at the Louvre. He remained in Paris for almost twenty years. During his career, Robert Fulton Logan created over one hundred architectural etchings of scenes in France, Germany and Holland. The first important one-man showing of his etched art was held at the American Chamber of Commerce, Paris, (1922) and then at annual exhibitions at the Galerie Marcel Guiot. On his return to the United States in 1934, Logan accepted the position of Chairman of the Department of Art at Connecticut College, remaining there until his retirement in 1954. Robert Logan was a full member of the Chicago Society of Etchers, the National Arts Club (1922) and the Société internationale de la gravure originale en noir (1921).


- "Robert Fulton Logan: red-haired painter, art instructor..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "... is the red-haired, bespectacled man of several signature poems."  https://books.google.it/books…


Notre Dame de Paris (1925, etching and aquatint)

1318) Djuna Barnes

Djuna Barnes (1892 – 1982). American artist, illustrator, journalist, and writer who is perhaps best known for her novel Nightwood (1936), a cult classic of lesbian fiction and an important work of modernist literature.
In 1913, Barnes began her career as a freelance journalist and illustrator for the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Later, Barnes' talent and connections with prominent Greenwich Village bohemians afforded her the opportunity to publish her prose, poems, illustrations, and one-act plays in both avant-garde literary journals and popular magazines, and publish an illustrated volume of poetry, The Book of Repulsive Women (1915).
In 1921, a lucrative commission with McCall's took Barnes to Paris, where she lived for the next 10 years. In this period she published A Book (1923), a collection of poetry, plays, and short stories, which was later reissued, with the addition of three stories, as A Night Among the Horses (1929), Ladies Almanack (1928), and Ryder (1928).
During the 1930s, Barnes spent time in England, Paris, New York, and North Africa. It was during this restless time that she wrote and published Nightwood.


- "Her most striking feature in her younger years had been a fine head of glossy auburn hair, which began to turn gray, thin out and frizzle in the 1960s."  https://www.nytimes.com/…/the-most-famous-unknown-in-the-wo…

- "Djuna Barnes once said she was the "most famous unknown of the century," though her writing and painting distinguished her, as did her haughty, cape-tossing gestures, auburn hair and acerbic wit.https://muse.jhu.edu/article/409576/pdf

- "Djuna Barnes had red hair and became a recluse."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "Her mouth has an irresistible laugh and she squeezes her auburn hair tightly under her hat in the manner of Manet..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "Barnes became know for her distinct beauty - she was tall, with rippling auburn hair, sharp tilted features and cat-shaped eyes - and her distinctive style."  https://books.google.it/books…



1317) Beverly Pepper

Beverly Pepper (née Stoll; 1922 – 2020). American sculptor known for her monumental works, site specific and land art. She remained independent from any particular art movement. She was married to the writer Curtis Bill Pepper for 65 years and lived in Italy, primarily in Todi, since the 1950s.

- “I’m deeply American,” insists the ginger-haired artist, who speaks fluent Italian and English with a dash of Brooklynese."  https://people.com/…/sculptor-beverly-pepper-is-the-art-wo…/



Monday, 15 June 2020

1316) Marc Chagall

Marc Chagall (born Moïche Zakharovitch Chagalov; 1887 – 1985). Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin.
An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in a wide range of artistic formats, including painting, drawings, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic tapestries and fine art prints.
Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, windows for the UN and the Art Institute of Chicago and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large-scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra.
Before World War I, he travelled between Saint Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin. He spent the wartime years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country's most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avant-garde, founding the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris in 1923.
He experienced modernism's "golden age" in Paris, where "he synthesized the art forms of Cubism, Symbolism, and Fauvism, and the influence of Fauvism gave rise to Surrealism.
"When Matisse dies," Pablo Picasso remarked in the 1950s, "Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what colour really is".


- "Geinoz believes 'tes cheveux' refers to Chagall's curly red hair in his Self-Portrait wirh Seven Fingers.https://books.google.it/books…

- "It may be a nickname for the red-haired painter..."  https://books.google.it/books…


Self-Portrait

Self-Portrait with Palette


Self-Portrait


Portrait of Marc Chagall, by Yuri Pen

1315) Beatrice Stein

Beatrice Stein (1899 - 1961). American painter, who was a pupil and friend of François Villon. She married American biographer, translator and fiction writer Francis Steegmuller (1906 – 1994).

- "She had red hair and the warm heart that often accompanies it.https://books.google.it/books…


Portrait by François Villon

1314) Stacey Tendeter

Stacey Tendeter (1949 – 2008). British actress best known for her performance as Muriel in the 1971 film Two English Girls. Her other cinematic appearances include White Bird, Friend or Foe, and Terminal Game.
The majority of her work came in the 1970s on British television when she appeared on Elizabeth R, Dead of Night, The Pallisers, In This House of Brede and Doctor Who in the story Underworld. She has since done mostly stage theatre, having performed in The Sentence, School For Sugar and The Scandal. In 1983 she played the wife of Adam Dalgliesh in the ITV adaption of PD James' Death of an Expert Witness.
After François Truffaut died in 1984, a director's cut of Two English Girls was released to great acclaim. In particular, the addition of several important scenes featuring Stacey was praised. This is the version currently available on DVD.


- "... Stacey Tendeter, the haunting red-headed British actress who played Muriel in Francois Truffaut’s masterful Two English Girls..."  http://mooninthegutter.blogspot.com/…/tribute-in-stills-to-…

- "... and Tendeter the red-headed, freckled robustness of the more religious, repressed girl..."  https://variety.com/…/deux-anglaises-et-le-continent-12004…/



1313) Henri-Pierre Roché

Henri-Pierre Roché (1879 – 1959). French author who was deeply involved with the artistic avant-garde in Paris and the Dada movement.
Late in life, Roché published two novels: his first was Jules et Jim (1953), a semi-autobiographical work published when he was 74. His second novel, Les deux anglaises et le continent (Two English Girls, 1956), was also inspired by his life. Both were adapted as films by the director François Truffaut, in 1962 and 1971 respectively. The popularity of the film Jules et Jim brought renewed attention to Roché's novels and life.

- "... uniformed figure of Henri-Pierre Roché, his ginger hair hidden by his khaki képi..."  https://books.google.it/books…

- "... whom Gertrude Stein described as 'tall and red headed...'"  https://books.google.it/books…