Wednesday, 18 August 2021

1418) Janusz Korczak

Janusz Korczak, pen name of Henryk Goldszmit ( 1878 or 1879 – 1942). Polish Jewish educator, children's author and pedagogue known as Pan Doktor ("Mr. Doctor") or Stary Doktor ("Old Doctor").

In 1907–08, Korczak went to study in Berlin. While working for the Orphans' Society in 1909, he met Stefania Wilczyńska, his future closest associate. In 1911–1912, he became a director of Dom Sierot in Warsaw, an orphanage of his own design for Jewish children.
Korczak's best known writing is his fiction and pedagogy, and his most popular works have been widely translated. His main pedagogical texts have been translated into English, but of his fiction, as of 2012, only two of his novels have been translated into English: King Matt the First and Kaytek the Wizard.
Korczak's overall literary oeuvre covers the period 1896 to 8 August 1942. It comprises works for both children and adults, and includes literary pieces, social journalism, articles and pedagogical essays, together with some scraps of unpublished work, totalling over twenty books, over 1,400 texts published in around 100 publications, and around 300 texts in manuscript or typescript form.
- "Two years later, in the fall of 1898, Henryk - by then an intense young medical student of twenty with vivid blue-green eyes and reddish hair already thinning..."
- "They eagerly awaited the kind, red-haired young man who always had a smile or a piece of candy for them."


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