John II (1319 – 1364), called John the Good (French: Jean le Bon). King of France from 1350 until his death.
He was the son of Philip VI of France and Joan of Burgundy.
During the Battle of Poitiers of 1356 he was captured, and while he was
a prisoner in London, his son Charles became regent and faced several
rebellions, which he overcame. To liberate his father, he concluded the
Treaty of Brétigny (1360), by which France lost many territories and
paid an enormous ransom. In an exchange
of hostages, which included his second son Louis, Duke of Anjou, John
was released from captivity to raise funds for his ransom. Upon his
return to France, he created the franc to stabilize the currency and
tried to get rid of the free companies by sending them to a crusade, but
Pope Innocent VI died shortly before their meeting in Avignon. When
John was informed that Louis had escaped from captivity, he voluntarily
returned to England, where he died in 1364. He was succeeded by his son