Friday, 23 August 2019

1014) Marie Curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867 – 1934). Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win the Nobel prize twice, and the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two different scientific fields. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.
Her achievements included the development of the theory of radioactivity (a term she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium (named after her native country) and radium. Under her direction, the world's first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms using radioactive isotopes.
Marie Curie died in 1934, aged 66, at a sanatorium in Sancellemoz (Haute-Savoie), France, of aplastic anemia from exposure to radiation in the course of her scientific research and in the course of her radiological work at field hospitals during World War I.
In the 1943 U.S. Oscar-nominated film, Madame Curie, she was played by Greer Garson and Pierre Curie by Walter Pidgeon. More recently, in 1997, a French film about Pierre and Marie Curie was released, Les Palmes de M. Schutz, where Marie Curie was played by Isabelle Huppert.

- "As historian Spencer Weart recounts, “It all starts with Marie Curie—a vivacious, very determined redhead from Poland.”…/ahf-launches-program-frenc…

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